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14. Windows 3.1 and Windows 95: How can i type and display Esperanto's accented characters?




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This article is from the Esperanto FAQ, by Mike Urban urban@netcom.com and Yves Bellefeuille yan@storm.ca with numerous contributions by others.

14. Windows 3.1 and Windows 95: How can i type and display Esperanto's accented characters?

Windows 3.1 and Windows 95 are very similar in this respect, so we'll
deal with them at the same time, indicating any differences.

Many fonts with the necessary accented characters are available at
http://www.esperanto.be/tiparoj.html
ftp://ftp.stack.nl/pub/esperanto/fonts.dir/
To view True Type fonts without having to install them, use the
freeware program Trowser, available at
ftp://ftp.ntu.edu.au/pub/fonttools/

Esperanto fonts are also included with the commercial program
WordPerfect for Windows.

To install new fonts under Windows 3.1, go to the group Main, open
Control Panel, then open Fonts. Choose "Add", indicate the font's
location, and choose OK.

Under Windows 95, go to the Control Panel and open Fonts. In the File
menu, choose "Install New Fonts", indicate the font's location, and
choose OK.

Another option is to use the freeware program Supersigno, which
automatically adds the necessary characters to your existing fonts. This
program is available at
ftp://ftp.stack.nl/pub/esperanto/software.dir/

To type the accented characters, use the "Character Map" program,
located in the Accessories group. Choose your font, then click on the
character. You can either use Double-Click, Copy and Paste to copy the
character to your application or, more simply, use the keystroke
combination indicated in the bottom right corner of the Character Map
display.

Almost all Esperanto fonts use the Latin-3 coding. Here are the
keystrokes for these fonts. In all cases, press and hold the Alt key,
type the code using the numeric keypad (not the numbers on the top row
of the alphabetic keypad), and release the Alt key.

             ^       ^       ^       ^       ^       ^
Letter:      C       c       G       g       H       h
  
Code:        0198    0230    0216    0248    0166    0182
  
  
             ^       ^       ^       ^       -       -
Letter:      J       j       S       s       U       u
  
Code:        0172    0188    0222    0254    0221    0253

Under Windows 3.1, you may find it easier to use the Recorder
application (in Accessories) to create macros for these keystroke
combinations. Recorder is no longer included with Windows 95, but you
can copy it from a Windows 3.1 installation and run it under Windows
95. Remember that Recorder must be running to replay a macro.

Here's how to create a macro that will automatically type c-circumflex
when you press Ctrl-C. (These instructions are adapted from the on-line
help for Recorder.)

1. Position the cursor in the application where you want to start
recording the macro.

2. Switch to Recorder.

3. From the Macro menu, choose Record.

4. In the appropriate boxes, specify a macro name (for example,
c-accent) and the shortcut key (Ctrl-C). You can also type a
description, if you want.

5. To begin recording the macro, choose the Start button.

6. Type the keystrokes for c-circumflex (Alt-0230). [This only works for
me if I type the keystroke combination twice. I have no idea
why. -- Ed.]

7. To stop recording, click the Recorder icon, or press Ctrl-Break.

8. Select the Save Macro option and choose the OK button.

9. From the File menu, choose Save As and save the macro.

Another way to type the accented characters is to use the freeware
program Keys, available at
http://iap.ethz.ch/users/szp/keys/
This program provides a convenient way to remap the keyboard. Yet
another option is to use the program Supersigno mentioned above, which
also provides an easier way to type the accented characters.

[To do: Evaluate and add Ek, available at
http://www.esperanto.mv.ru/Download/ek.zip
for Windows 95/98.]

 

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