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14. DOS: How can i type and display Esperanto's accented characters?




Description

This article is from the Esperanto FAQ, by Mike Urban urban@netcom.com and Yves Bellefeuille yan@storm.ca with numerous contributions by others.

14. DOS: How can i type and display Esperanto's accented characters?

WordPerfect 5.1 natively supports Esperanto's accented characters.

To display the Esperanto characters, select the 512-character screen
from the Setup menu: do Shift-F1, 2, 1, 5.

To type an accented character, type Ctrl-V and the code (including the
comma) as listed in the file CARACTER.DOC:

             ^       ^       ^       ^       ^       ^
Letter:      C       c       G       g       H       h
  
Code:        1,100   1,101   1,122   1,123   1,126   1,127
  
  
             ^       ^       ^       ^       -       -
Letter:      J       j       S       s       U       u
  
Code:        1,140   1,141   1,180   1,181   1,188   1,189

You can also type Ctrl-V followed by the character and the accent mark;
for example, Ctrl-V, C, ^, gives C-circumflex. However, there is no
breve on the keyboard, so u-breve cannot be done this way.

Lowercase circumflexed j looks lousy in most fonts, so many users prefer
to use a regular j and overstrike a circumflex accent: Shift-F8, 4, 5,
1, j, ^ (you may have to press the ^ key twice for the symbol to
appear), Return, Return, Return.

Your editor finds it convenient to use a macro called Alt-c to type
c-circumflex, Alt-g to type g-circumflex, and so on. The letters can
then be converted to upper case if desired by using Block (Alt-F4, or
F12) and then Switch (Shift-F3, 1).

If you wish to type and see the accented characters with a program that
does not natively support them, for example, a text editor, then you can
use the freeware programs VGA-ESP and Klavint.

VGA-ESP makes the 12 accented characters available on the monitor. The
only requirement is to have an EGA, VGA or Super VGA video card -- any
computer bought after 1985 should be fine.

Klavint provides an easy way to type these characters in applications
that don't support them natively. Once Klavint is installed, you can
type the accented characters by using the semi-colon key. For example,
;c will give the letter c^ and ;g will give the letter g^. Other options
are also available, as explained in the documentation.

VGA-ESP and Klavint are available at
ftp://ftp.stack.nl/pub/esperanto/software.dir/
Source code in assembler is provided; the programs are copyrighted but
free.

 

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