Generic Name : LOMUSTINE
Pronunciation : (loe mus' teen)
Trade Name(s) : Lomustine
Why it is prescribed: Your doctor has ordered the drug lomustine to help your illness. Lomustine slows or stops the growth of cancer cells in your body. In addition to lomustine, your doctor may have ordered other cancer-fighting drugs; this treatment is called combination therapy. Your doctor may measure the effectiveness of your treatment using laboratory tests and physical examinations. In general, the length of treatment depends on the types of drugs you are taking, how well your body responds to them, and the type of cancer you have.
When it is to be taken: The drug comes in capsule form. Your dose may contain two or more different types of capsules. Take all of them at the same time, with fluids, on an empty stomach. You will not have another dose for at least six weeks.
How it should be taken: The purpose of chemotherapy is to control your illness so that your own body can aid in your recovery. It is important to build up your body's defense system, and a balanced diet is needed to build a healthy body. Ask your doctor for advice on your diet.
Special Instruction :
1. Avoid eating favorite foods, large meals, and spicy or hot foods when you feel nauseated.
2. Your doctor may order tests before, during, and after your treatment to see if your blood cells are affected by the drug.
3. It is especially important to prevent infection and injuries. Avoid people with contagious diseases such as the flu.
Side Effects :
1. Although not everyone experiences side effects during chemotherapy, some people do. If any of the effects becomes intolerable, let your doctor know.
2. You may lose your appetite, or your appetite may be greater in the morning or at different times during the day than usual. Take advantage of these times and eat. Frequent small snacks throughout the day may be easier to tolerate and will help you get the nutrients your body needs.
3. Common discomforts are nausea and vomiting. These symptoms may last for 24 hours after your treatment but usually lessen with continued doses as your body develops tolerance to this drug. Your doctor may have ordered antinausea medication to prevent you from feeling sick.
4. Another common side effect of lomustine is decrease in the number of blood cells. These cells include white blood cells that fight infection, red blood cells that carry oxygen and energy, and platelets that help clot blood and promote healing.
5. If you develop any of the following symptoms, tell your doctor as soon as possible: fever, chills, cough, sore throat, bruising, unusual bleeding, fatigue, and dizziness.
Other Precautions :
1. Keep all cuts and scratches clean.
2. Maintain good personal hygiene, including hand washing and mouth care.
3. To avoid injuries, shave with an electric razor instead of blades and wear protective clothing when working in the yard and garden.
Storage Conditions : Keep it in a safe place, away from children.