previous page: Isosorbide Description
page up: Drugs and Herbs Manual
next page: Kaolin And Pectin Description

Isotretinoin Description

Isotretinoin Description


Pronunciation : (eye soe tret' I noyn)

Trade Name(s) : Etretinate, Tretinoin.

Why it is prescribed: Isotretinoin is used to treat severe acne that has not responded to oral or topical anti-infectives. It also has been used for other skin dosorders, including psoriasis.

When it is to be taken: Isotretinoin is usually taken twice a day. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. You may not notice any improvement in your condition until after four to six weeks of treatment, and your acne may actually get worse during the first few weeks.

How it should be taken: Isotretinoin comes in the form of capsules. You prescription labels tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :
1. Because isotretinoin is similar to vitamin A, do not take any vitamin supplements that contain vitamin A to avoid possible toxic reactions.
2. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your dose may be adjusted frequently, depending on your response to the drug, and you may have blood test periodically.
3. Isotretinoin can increase the amount of fat in your blood. Limit your intake of dietary fat and alcoholic beverages while taking isotretinoin.
4. Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if you remember a missed dose near the time you are scheduled to take the next dose, take only the scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Red, cracked, and sore lips; red, itchy, dry, and inflamed eyes; dry mouth and nose; thinning of the hair; headache; fatigue; nausea. Contact your doctor if these effects are severe.
2. Bone or joint pains, muscle aches, skin peeling, skin infections, vision problems. Contact your doctor.

Other Precautions :
1. Isotretinoin has been reported to cause serious harm to unborn babies when taken during pregnancy. Women who are pregnant, who intend to become pregnant, or who are breast-feeding should tell their doctors before taking this medication.
2. If you think you may be pregnant , stop taking isotretinoin and have a pregnancy test. Use a reliable method of birth control for one month before taking, while taking, and for one month after discontinuing this drug.
3. Tell your doctor if you have diabetes, a high amount of fat in your blood, or a family history of high triglycerides in the blood.
4. Do not donate blood while you take isotretinoin and for at least one month after you stop taking it.
5. Limit your exposure to sunlight and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen product and wear protective clothing when you are exposed to direct sunlight.
6. Isotretinoin can affect your night vision. Be cautious when driving or operating any machinery after dark.
7. If you wear contact lenses, you may not tolerate them while you take isotretinoin.
8. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.

Storage Conditions : Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it away from light.

previous page: Isosorbide Description
page up: Drugs and Herbs Manual
next page: Kaolin And Pectin Description