This article is from the RSC/UKSC Cricket FAQ, by Ganesh with numerous contributions by others.
[Not really.] In 1900, the Olympics were nothing like what
we have today.There was a great big festival in Paris that
year, of which originally the 2nd modern Olympics were a
part, as well as some other sports tournaments held over
a period of several months. The Olympic mob saw a great
way of expanding their appeal by declaring that all the
sports being played in Paris that year were part of the
Olympics and awarding medals to the winners. So there were
several events which are recorded as having taken place at
the 1900 Olympics which have never recurred, the cricket
match featuring a touring club side from Devon and some
local ex-pat Englishmen opposition, as "England" and
"France" respectively, being one of them.