Paroxetine or Paxil is an anti-depressant drug which is useful in panic disorders and obsessive compulsive disorders. In obsessive compulsive disorder, Paroxetine or Paxil works about as well as alprazolam without the problem of dependency.
Paroxetine or Paxil inhibits the reuptake of neuro chemicals such as serotonin in the nervous system. With more of these circulating neuro chemicals, the nervous system is able to function better.
Paroxetine or Paxil use is associated with nausea, drowsiness, sweating, tremor, a feeling of numbness, dizziness, dry mouth, and insomnia. Men taking Paroxetine or Paxil may experience problems with their sex life. With time these side effects may wear off or become tolerable.
Several weeks of therapy are need to see results with Paroxetine or Paxil. The usual doses are started low - especially for panic attacks - and increased until an effective level is reached.
Paroxetine or Paxil is a relatively short acting anti depressant when compared to other drugs in the same class. It is because of its short acting nature, that withdrawal symptoms are sometimes seen when the drug is stopped - dizziness, nausea, headache, fatigue, poor concentration, mood changes. The withdrawal syndrome is thought to be due to a shortage of serotonin in the body when Paroxetine or Paxil is stopped. Tapering off the dosage slowly will eliminate this problem
Because Paroxetine or Paxil can cause drowsiness, any other drug - including alcohol - that can also cause drowsiness, will amplify this problem.
Br J Psychiatry 1995;167:374
Inter Clin Psychopharmacol 1995;10:45
The relevant product monographs must be regarded as the appropriate sources of prescribing information.