This article is from the Dissociation FAQ, by Discord (firstname.lastname@example.org) with numerous contributions by others.
Other types of trauma can lead to psychological problems; there is a
well-defined link between dissociation and trauma.
Traumatic events are purely subjective; what one person might be able to
deal with will send another into hysterics. However, some common forms
of trauma include:
* Death of a lover/spouse, close friend, or family member.
* War, either as a soldier or a civilian.
* Destruction of one's home and possessions.
* Witnessing a violent crime, especially one perpetrated on
someone close to you.
* Being the victim of a violent crime.
Like abuse, trauma can result in severe depression, extreme dissociation,
amnesia, flashbacks, anxiety/panic attacks, and the like. Depending on
the type of trauma (abuse being a specific subset of trauma, for
instance), other psychological disorders may develop. Addiction to a
drug (including alcohol) is fairly prevalent in people who have suffered
a traumatic event. PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, is a
long-lasting and severe effect of traumatic events.