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Labiatae




Description

This item is from "Some Common Medicinal And Poisonous Plants Used In Ethiopian Folk Medicine" work, by Amare Getahun.

Labiatae

Ajuga remota Benth.

(A. integrifolia Ham-Buch.)

ungo-quasot (T)

tale (Wol)

akorarchigne (A)

An extract of the leaves is used against dysentery, swelling of the legs as well as for the treatment of high blood pressure.

The extract is very bitter and it is used to make babies stop suckling by applying to the teats when such is desired by the mother. A paste of the extract prepared by mixing with honey, can be stored for longer periods and for later use.

The plant is common on the College farm in Alemaya and natives as far as Dire Dawa and Kersa come to collect it

Leonotis raineriana De Visiani

ras-kimmir, feres-zeng (A)

Root extract is bitter and poisonous. The extract (plant part not specified) is used to treat excessive menstruation in women.

Otostegia integrifolia Benth.

tinjute (A)

A very common shrub in overgrazed hillsides or old and abandoned farms. The plant is easily recognized and stands out due to the grayish color of the leaves. The yellow flowers are also showy when in full bloom.

In Northern Ethiopia (Begemder, Tigre, etc.), where it is common, it is used to smoke utensils to flavor them and to sterilize them at the same time. Clothes are also smoked, perhaps the most common practice is the ritual custom that a mother is smoked with tinjute on the tenth day after giving birth to a child. She is "cleansed" with the smoke after which time she can leave her confinement and again resume a normal daily life.

Thymus schimperi Ron.

(= T. serpyllum (Auct Ron)L.

tossigne (A)

A small herb of very high altitude areas. The herb, though not cultivated, is a useful condiment. It is also reportedly used in the control of gonorrhoea. When it is added to boiling water and drunk, it is used against cough and liver disease. Some prefer to smoke it as a cigarette.

As a spice, tossigne is dried, ground and mixed with other spices that are used in the preparation of berbere and "shirro". In some provinces, it is used to flavor tea or drunk alone as tea.

 

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