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Euphorbiaceae




Description

This item is from "Some Common Medicinal And Poisonous Plants Used In Ethiopian Folk Medicine" work, by Amare Getahun.

Euphorbiaceae

Croton macrostachyus Hochst.

bissana (A)

makanissa, badessa, alaleh, dogoma (G)

wush, masincho (Sid)

ambuk, tambuk, tambush, berberi-islami (T)

The tree is very common in Ethiopia usually 7 to 15 meters high but sometimes attaining considerable height in areas of high rainfall.

The fruits and a decoction of the roots are used as e medicine against venereal diseases and seeds are used to cause abortion.

The pulverized bark mixed with kosso (Hagenia abyssinica, Rosaceae) is a very effective purgative and vermifuge.

The seeds and the resins are toxic and are used as a fish poison. The resin is more toxic than rotenone.

Extract from the le2ves is used against itchy scalp

The decoction from the young shoots and leaves mixed with sensel (Adethoda schimperana, Acanthaceae), is used to treat jaundicing The preparation is made with pepper and butter The paste is eaten with bread for at least three days Plenty of milk is drunk but meat and oily food must be avoided

Euphorbia hirta L

The drink made from the whole plant is used in the treatment of asthma.

Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd.

poinsettia (Eng.)

Poinsettia is a shrub or small tree grown for its ornamental value. The floral bracts or leaves just below the clusters of small, greenish flowers with bright yellow glands are colored bright red. All parts exceed a milky sap when injured.

The milky sap that is characteristic of poinsettia is irritating to the skin of persons. The leaves and stems are poisonous if eaten.

Euphorbia tirucalli L.

milk-bush, pencil-cactus (Eng.)

Milk bush is a shrub often making large clumps and is easily distinguished because the whole plant is green. The branches and twigs are cylindrical, fleshy and 1/4 inch thick or more. The leaves, 1 inch or less long, are narrowly oval and green, produces at the ends of the twigs and soon fall off.

The milky sap of the milk-bush contains a vesicant that is quite irritant to the skin. If eaten, the plant parts are reputed to be toxic. It has been used as fish poison in its native land, India.

Monadenium mains (Pax.) N.E.Br.

A relatively rare succulent tuberous herb of semi-arid areas. The latex and its vapors is a strong poisonous irritant that makes handling of the plant dangerous.

Ricinus communis L.

gullo (A)

kobo (G)

castor bean (Eng.)

Gullo in Ethiopia is grown as a perennial crop and is a garden weed in farm villages, as an escape, it often grows to a fair sized tree. The seed oil is used as a mild purgative and widely used in tannery work.

 

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