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Tranylcypromine Description

Tranylcypromine Description


Pronunciation : (tran ill sip' roe meen)

Trade Name(s) :

Why it is prescribed: Tranylcypromine, a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, is an antidepressant i.e., mood elevator. It is used to treat depression.

When it is to be taken: Tranylcypromine is usually taken twice a day, in the morning and afternoon. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Tranylcypromine must be taken regularly to be effective. You may have to take this medication for three or more weeks before you feel its full effect.

How it should be taken: Tranylcypromine comes in the form of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose.

Special Instruction :
1. Keep all appointments with your doctor. Your dose may need to be adjusted occasionally.
2. Do not stop taking tranylcypromine without consulting your doctor. Your doctor may want to decrease your dose gradually, especially if you have taken the drug for a while.
3. Special dietary instructions should be followed. Avoid foods and beverages containing tyramine or tryptophan while taking tranylcypromine and for two weeks after stopping this drug. These foods and beverages include alcoholic beverages, especially beer, champagne, and other wines; alcohol-free beer; cheese; yogurt; raisins; bananas; sour cream; pickled herring; liver; canned figs; Soya sauce; yeast extracts; papaya products; and broad bean pods. Excessive amounts of caffeine and chocolate should also be avoided.
4. If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals. However, if you remember a missed dose when it is almost time for your next dose, take only the regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

Side Effects :
1. Dry mouth. Suck sugarless hard candy or chew sugarless gum.
2. Dizziness, lightheadedness, faintness. Lie down and get up slowly. v 3. Restlessness or difficulty sleeping; weakness; drowsiness; fatigue; constipation; difficulty urinating; nausea and vomiting; loss of appetite ; swelling of feet, ankles, or lower legs; temors; rash; blurred vision; decreased sexual ability. Contact your doctor if these effects persist or are severe.
4. Signs of extreme rise in blood pressure: severe headache, neck stiffness or soreness, nausea or vomiting, sweating, dilated pupils and increased eye sensitivity to light, rapid or slow pulse and chest pain. Stop taking trnylcypromine and contact your doctor immediately.

Other Precautions :
1. Tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially amphetamines or diet pills; fluoxetine; diuretics; medications for high blood pressure or diabetes; methyldopa; levodopa; barbiturates; cold, sinus, or hay fever medications; nasal decongestants; inhaled asthma medications; meperidine; sedatives; pain relievers; and other antidepressants. Do not take any of these medications while taking tranylcypromine without consulting your doctor.
2. Before taking tranylcypromine, tell your doctor if you have a history of kidney or liver disease, high blood pressure, heart disease or congestive heart failure, epilepsy, diabetes, an overactive thyroid gland, an adrenal gland tumor, Parkinson's disease, or frequent or severe headaches.
3. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding should inform their doctors.
4. Before having surgery with a local or general anesthetic, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist in charge that you are taking tranylcypromine.

Storage Conditions :
1. Keep tranylcypromine in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children.
2. Store it at room temperature and away from light.

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