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Bleomycin Description

Bleomycin Description

Generic Name: BLEOMYCIN

Pronunciation: (blee oh mye' sin)

Trade Name(s): Bleochem, Bleocin, Bleolem, Oncobleo

Why it is prescribed: Your doctor has ordered the drug bleomycin to help treat your illness.This drug slows or stops the growth of cancer cells in your body. In addition to bleomycin, your doctor may have ordered other cancer-fighting drugs. This treatment is called combination therapy. Your doctor may measure the effectiveness of your treatment using laboratory tests and physical examinations. In general, the length of treatment depends on the types of drugs you are taking, how well your body responds to them, and the type of cancer you have.

When it is to be taken: The drug will be injected into a large muscle, a vein, or just under the skin. Occasionally, small test doses are given to check your reaction before the remainder of the drug is administered.

How it should be taken: The purpose of chemotherapy is to control your illness so that your own body can aid in your recovery. It is important to build up your body's defense system, and a balanced diet is needed to build a healthy body. Ask your doctor for advice on your diet.

Special Instruction:
1. Avoid eating favorite foods, large meals, and spicy or hot foods when you feel nauseated.
2. It is important to keep these areas clean and free from infection. Your doctor may prescribe creams, ointments, and pain medications if you develop painful blisters.

Side Effects:
1. Although not everyone experiences side effects during chemotherapy, some people do. If any of the effects becomes intolerable, let your doctor know.
2. You may lose your appetite, or your appetite may be greater in the morning or at different times during the day than usual. Take advantage of these times and eat. Frequent small meals or snacks throughout the day may be easier to tolerate and will help you get the nutrients your body needs.
3. You may also experience nausea and vomiting. These symptoms may last up to 24 hours after your treatment. Your doctor may have ordered anti-nausea medications to prevent you from feeling sick.
4. You may develop mouth sores, a rash dark patches or other skin problems within two to three weeks of therapy.

Other Precautions:
1. Do not take aspirin or aspirin-substitute products without your doctor's advice.
2. Bleomycin may have an irritating effect on the lungs, causing shortness of breath or breathing discomfort. This problem may occur after prolonged treatment or with high doses of the medication.
3. If you notice symptoms like breathing discomfort, shortness of breath, wheezing, and itchy or tender skin, inform your doctor immediately.
4. You should not plan to have children while receiving chemotherapy or for a while after treatments.
5. Use a reliable method of birth control to prevent pregnancy.

Storage Conditions: This drug is used only under the supervision of a ph

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