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D1) What is the total population of Tibet?




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This article is from the Tibet FAQ, by Peter Kauffner Peter.Kauffner@bearsden.org and Nima Dorje tibet@acs.ucalgary.ca.

D1) What is the total population of Tibet?


                      Tibetan Population (in millions)
 
     Year     All Ethnic Tibetans    Central Tibet (TAR)         Source
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
     1268           1.0                     --                 [Goldstein81]
     1737                                 0.316 (monks)
                                          0.127 (lay families) [Rockhill91]
     1900           1.0                     --                 [McEvedy78]
     1953           2.776                 1.274                [Banister87]
     1964           2.501                 1.251                [Banister87]
     1982           3.870                 1.892                [Banister87]
     1990           4.593                 2.196             [BR-D90], [BR-N90]
     1995            --                   2.389                 [Reuter96]

The figure for 1268 is an estimate made by American scholar Melvyn Goldstein
on the basis of a Mongol census taken during that year. The figures for 1737,
1953, 1964, 1982, and 1990 are Chinese census results. The 1995 figure is an
estimate produced by China's State Statistical Bureau. The SSB's report on
the 1990 census estimates that Tibet had a population of about 1.05 million
in 1951. This suggests that the 1953 census result is now regarded as an
overcount.

 

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