This article is from the Sri Lanka FAQ, by Prasad Dharmasena firstname.lastname@example.org with numerous contributions by others.
There is a long standing ethnic crisis in the country among
Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims. A Tamil militant group, Liberation
Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), is fighting with the government forces
in the north and east parts of the island.
It is beyond the scope of this FAQ to give details about the ethnic
crisis or how ethnic tensions have escallated into a civil war. It is
suggested that information be obtained from multiple sources.
[Please suggest good reading material]
** Human rights and Civil War related issues around the world are archived
as an independent effort by Martin Hogan <email@example.com>
** Tamil Eelam Home page -- a view from the TE proponents. Maintained
by Rudrakodeswaran N. Janahan <firstname.lastname@example.org>
** This list of publications suggested by Lal Kuruppu in Australia.
De Silva, K.M. Managing ethnic tensions in multi-ethnic societies: Sri
Lanka 1880-1985. Lanham, MD:University Press of America, 1986.
De Silva, K.M. Problems of governance. Delhi: Konark Publishers, 1993
De Silva, K.M. Traditional homelands of the tamils: separatist ideology in
Sri lanka, a historical appraisal. Revised 2nd edition. Kandy:
International Centrte for Ethnic Studies, 1994
Tambiah, Stanley J. Buddhism betrayed: religion, politics and violence in
Sri lanka. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992
Tambiah, Stanley J. Sri Lanka: ethnic fratricide and the dismantling of
democracy. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1986
Spencer, jonathan (ed) Sri lanka: history and roots of conflict.
Wilson, A.J. Break-up of Sri lanka: the Sinaha Tamil conflict. Lnodon:
Abeysekera, Charles and Gunasinghe, Newton (ed) Facets of ethnicity in Sri
Lanka. Colombo: Sovial Scientists Association, 1987
McGowan, William. Only man is vile: the tragedy of Sri lanka.
For news, analysis and comments on the current developments I suggest
Lanka Guardian, Tamil Times, Far Eastern Economic Review, and India Today