This article is from the Italy FAQ, by Gianluigi Sartori firstname.lastname@example.org, Paolo Fiorini email@example.com with numerous contributions by others.
from Maurizio Pilu:
The History of Sardinia
This outline, by Francesco Cesare Casula, has been originally issued
by the Tourist Board of The Autonomous Region of Sardinia within the
institute of the National Council for Scientific Research on Italo-Iberian
relations. The original paperback is printed by 2D Editrice Mediterranea,
Sardinia is one of the most ancient lands in europe, visited way back in the
Paleolithic period though inabithed permanently by man only much later, in
the Neolithic age, around 6000 B.C.
The first man to settle in Gallura and Northern Sardinia probably came from
Italian mainland and, in particular, from Etruria. Those who populated the
central region of the island arrived, it seems, from the Iberian Peninsula
by way of the Balearic Islands. Those who founded their settlements around
the gulf of Cagliari were in all likelihood Africans. Hence, it can be said
that in Sardinia there never was one single people but really several
As time passed, the Sardinian peoples became united in language and customs
yet remained divided politically into various smaller tribal states.
Sometime they were banded together, while at others they were at war
with one other. Tribes lived in villages made up round thatched stone
huts, similar to the present day pinnette of shepherds.
Prehistoric arrowheads (III millennium B.C.) and sculpture of the the
Mediterranean Mother Goddess may be found in the Archeological Museum of
Cagliari. In the Archeological Museum of Sassari are some ceramics from
the Copper or Aneolithic Age (2600 B.C.).
>From about 1500 B.C. onwards the villages were built at the foot of a mighty
truncated cone fortress (often reinforced and enlarged with embattled towers)
called nuraghe. A nuragic village may be found in Barumini (Cagliari).
The boundaries of tribal territories were guarded by smaller lookout nuraghi
erected on strategic hills commanding a view of the enemy. Today some
7000 nuraghi dot the sardinian landscape.