This article is from the Bulgaria FAQ, by Dragomir R. Radev firstname.lastname@example.org with numerous contributions by others.
(by Bulgarian-American Fulbright Commission)
Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic. According to the Constitution, which
was adopted in July 1991, the entire power of the state shall derive from the
people and shall be exerted directly and through the bodies established by the
Constitution. The Constitution proclaims pluralism of political views and
freedom of religion.
The supreme legislative body in the country is the National Assembly (Narodno
Sqbranie - Bulgarian Parliament), which exercises parliamentary control
over the government.
The President is the Head of State. He is elected through direct and secret
ballot for a five-year term of office, and he personifies the unity of the
The Council of Ministers is the supreme executive body for home and foreign
The territory of the Republic of Bulgaria is divided into nine administrative
regions and smaller municipalities. The municipality is the primary terri-
torial administrative unit, being a legal entity where local
self-government is exercised through a municipal council elected by the
respective local community population for a for-year term of office.