This article is from the Bulgaria FAQ, by Dragomir R. Radev firstname.lastname@example.org with numerous contributions by others.
(by Plamen Sivov)
NEDELNO UCHILISHTE - S.C.B.
DAY 1 - THE CREED (SIMVOL-VERUJU)
Most of the systematic explanations of the Orthodox
faith are based on the Nicene Creed, which is the ultimate
expression and synthesis of the dogma of Orthodoxy and the
basis of its teaching and sacramental life.
The Creed was adopted between 325 and 381 A.D., shortly
after Christianity was no longer persecuted in the Roman
Empire. The adoption took place at an Ecumenical Council
(Vselenski Subor), which is the only form, recognized by the
Orthodox Church even until nowadays for the highest church
authority. In this respect it differs very much from Rome,
which historically has concentrated much spiritual power in
the person of the Bishop of Rome, e.g. the Pope. The
Orthodox Church recognizes 7 Ecumenical Councils in its
Originally the Creed was used by the Early Church at
baptismal services, when the person who was to be baptized,
had to acknowledge his true Christian faith. This baptismal
formula, however, later developed into a short, but
extremely profound in its theological meaning statement of
faith, which has ever since been used as a "testing paper"
for any new teaching; in the Creed, it is often said, one
can find the whole Bible condensed. In nowadays the Creed is
recited (or sung) at every Liturgy, at the moment of the
consecration of the bread and the wine.
Here is the complete text of the Creed. (Our next
topics will deal with the truths of faith revealed in each
of its sections.)
1. I believe in one God, Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven
and Earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
2. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the only-
begotten, begotten of the Father before all ages:
3. Light of light, true God of true God, begotten, not made;
of one essence with the Father; by Whom all things were
4. Who for us men and for our salvation came down from
heaven and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin
Mary, and was made man;
5. And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; and
suffered and was burried;
6. The third day He rose again according to the Scriptures;
7. And ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of
8. And He shall come again with glory to judge the living
and the dead; Whose kingdom shall have no end.
9. And I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of
Life, Who proceeds from the Father, Who with the Father and
the Son together is worshipped and glorified, Who spoke by
10. I believe in One Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
11. I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins.
I look for the resurrection of the dead and the Life of the
world to come.
Veruju vo edinago Boga Otca, Vsederzhitelja, Tvorca
nebu i zemli, vidimim zhe vsem i nevidimim. I vo edinago
Gospoda Iisusa Hrista, Sina Bozhija edinorodnago, izhe ot
Otca rozhdennago prezhde vseh vek: sveta ot sveta, Boga
istinna ot Boga istinna, rozhdenna, ne sotvorenna,
edinosushtna Otcu, imzhe vsja bisha. Nas radi chelovek i
nashego radi spasenija shedshago s nebes, i voplotivshegosja
ot Duha Svjata i Marii Devi, i vochelovechshasja. Razpjatago
zhe za ni pri Pontijstem Pilate, i stradavsha, i pogrebena.
I vozkresshago v tretij den po pisaniem. I vozshedshego na
nebesa i sedjashta otdesnuju Otca. I paki grjadushtago so
slavoju, suditi zhivim i mertvim, ego zhe carstvie ne budet
I v Duha Svetago, Gospoda, zhivotvorjashtago, izhe ot
Otca izhodjashtago, izhe so Otcem i Sinom spoklonjaema i
sslavima, glagolavshago proroki. Vo edinu svjatuju,
sobornuju i apostolskoju Cerkov. Izpoveduju edino kreshtenie
vo ostavlenie grehov. Chaju voskresenija mertvih i zhizni
budushtago veka. Amin.
In the next days we will examine (very briefly) the
meaning of all these somewhat extravagantly sounding
sentences. Believe me, it is not as simple as it looks!