# 18 What is a push/pull fade/draw hook/slice?

Push
++++

A ball whose flight path is straight, with negligible sidespin, that
ends up right of the target. The incidence angle of the clubface is x
degrees to the right of the target , and where the PATH of the clubface
is also x degrees to the right of the target (inside to outside path).

Pull
++++

The opposite of push: A ball whose flight path is straight that ends up
left of the target. The incidence angle of the clubface is x degrees
to the left of the target, and where the PATH of the clubface is also x
degrees to the left of the target (outside to inside path).

++++

A straight shot with some sidespin, such that there is slight but
noticible left to right travel by the ball at the end of its flight.
The key words are slight sidespin. Since the forward energy force must
be much greater than that of the sidespin, such that as the ball slows
down at the end of its flight, using up the forward direction energy,
the sidespin takes over and gives the ball its left to right 'fading
action'. The club face is generally open a few degrees at impact, but
the club path is straight along the intended path (directly at the
target).

Slice
+++++

A curving shot from left to right whereby severe sidespin has been
imparted to the ball such that this spin is of a great enough rate to
govern its direction in a more Left to Right mode than straight. The
clubface is open several degrees relative to the club path.

Draw
++++

The opposite type of shot than a fade. A straight shot with a minimum
of sidespin, such that there is slight but noticible right to left
travel by the golf ball. at the end of its flight. The key phrase is
slight sidespin. Since the forward energy force must be much greater
than that of the sidespin, such that as the ball slows down at the end
of its flight, using up the forward direction energy, the sidespin
takes over and gives the ball its right to left 'drawing action'. The
club face is generally closed a few degrees at impact, but the club
path is straight along the intended path (directly at the target).

Hook
++++

The opposite of a slice. The clubface is closed more than a few degrees
relative to the club path.

Hope this helps. For more info, see: "The Search For The Perfect Swing"
by Alistair Cochran and John Stobbs.

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