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34 What regions around the globe have tropical cyclones and who is responsible for forecasting there?




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This article is from the Storms FAQ, by Chris Landsea landsea@aoml.noaa.gov with numerous contributions by others.

34 What regions around the globe have tropical cyclones and who is responsible for forecasting there?

There are seven tropical cyclone "basins" where storms occur on a
regular basis:
--- Atlantic basin (including the North Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of
Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea)
--- Northeast Pacific basin (from Mexico to about the dateline)
--- Northwest Pacific basin (from the dateline to Asia including the
South China Sea)
--- North Indian basin (including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian
Sea)
--- Southwest Indian basin (from Africa to about 100E)
--- Southeast Indian/Australian basin (100E to 142E)
--- Australian/Southwest Pacific basin (142E to about 120W)

The National Hurricane Center in Miami, Florida, USA has responsibil-
ities for monitoring and forecasting tropical cyclones in the Atlantic
and Northeast Pacific basin east of 140W. The Central Pacific Hurricane
Center has responsibilities for the remainder of the Northeast Pacific
basin to the dateline. The Northwest Pacific basin is shared in
forecasting duties by China, Thailand, Korea, Japan, the Philippines, and
Hong Kong. The North Indian basin tropical cyclones are forecasted by
India, Thailand, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, and Sri Lanka. Reunion
Island, Madagascar, Mozambique, Mauritius, and Kenya provide forecasts for
the Southwest Indian basin. Australia and Indonesia forecast tropical
cyclone activity in the Southeast Indian/Australian basin. Lastly, for the
Australian/Southwest Pacific basin Australia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, and
New Zealand forecast tropical cyclones. Note also that the USA Joint
Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issues warnings for tropical cyclones in the
Northwest Pacific, the North Indian, the Southwest Indian, the Southeast
Indian/Australian, and the Australian/Southwest Pacific basins, though they
are not specifically tasked to do so by the WMO. The USA Naval Western
Oceanography Center in Pearl Harbor, Honolulu does the same for the Pacific
Ocean east of 180E. (Neumann 1993)

Note that on rare occasions, tropical cyclones (or storms that appear
to be similar in structure to tropical cyclones) can develop in the
Mediterranean Sea. These have been noted to occur in September 1947,
September 1969, January 1982, September 1983, and, most recently, during
13 to 17 January, 1995. Some study of these storms has been reported on
by Mayengon (1984) and Ernest and Matson (1983), though it has not been
demonstrated fully that these storms are the same as those found over
tropical waters. It may be that these Mediterranean tropical cyclones are
more similar in nature to polar lows.

The following are the addresses of tropical cyclone centers listed
above that are responsible for issuing advisories and/or warnings on tropical
cyclones (thanks to Jack Beven for these):

National Hurricane Center
Mail: 11691 SW 17th St.
Miami, FL 33165-2149
USA
WWW: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/index.html

Central Pacific Hurricane Center
Mail: National Weather Service Forecast Office
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Department of Meteorology
2525 Correa Rd. (HIG)
Honolulu, HI 96822
USA

Naval Pacific Meteorological and Oceanographic Center
Mail: NPMOC/AJTWC
Box 113
Pearl Harbor, HI 96860
USA

Joint Typhoon Warning Center - Guam
Mail: NPMOCW/JTWC
PCS 486, Box 17
FPO AP 96536-0051
USA
WWW: http://www.npmocw.navy.mil/npmocw/prods/jtwc.html

Regional Specialized Meteorological Center Tokyo, Japan - Typhoon Center
Mail: Japanese Meteorological Agency
1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo
Japan

Royal Observatory - Hong Kong
Mail: 134A Nathan Road
Kowloon
Hong Kong

Bangkok Tropical Cyclone Warning Center - Thailand
Mail: Director
Meteorological Department
4353 Sukumvit Rd.
Bangkok 10260
Thailand

Fiji Tropical Cyclone Warning Center
Mail: Director
Fiji Meteorological Services
Private Mail Bag
Nadi Airport
Fiji

New Zealand Meteorological Service
Mail: Director
Met Service
PO Box 722
Wellington
New Zealand

Port Moresby Tropical Cyclone Warning Center
Mail: Director
National Weather Service
PO Box 1240
Boroko, NCD
Paupa New Guinea

Brisbane Tropical Cyclone Warning Center
Mail: Regional Director
Bureau of Meteorology
GPO Box 413
Brisbane 4001
Australia

Darwin Tropical Cyclone Warning Center
Mail: Regional Director
Bureau of Meteorology
GPO Box 735
Darwin 5790
Australia

Perth Tropical Cyclone Warning Center
Mail: Regional Director
Bureau of Meteorology
GPO Box 6080
Perth 9001
Australia

Jakarta, Indonesia
Mail: Director
Analysis and Processing Centre
Jalan Arief Rakhman Hakim 3
Jakarta
Indonesia

Regional Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centre - Reunion
Mail: Director of Meteorological Services
PO Box 4
97490 Sainte Clotilde
Reunion

Sub-Regional Tropical Cyclone Warning Center - Mauritius
Mail: Director of Meteorological Service
Vacoas
Mauritius

Sub-Regional Tropical Cyclone Warning Center - Madagascar
Mail: Director of Meteorological Service
PO Box 1254
Antananarivo 101
Madagascar

Nairobi, Kenya
Mail: Director of Meteorological Services
PO Box 30259
Nairobi
Kenya

Maputo, Mozambique
Mail: Director of Meteorology
PO Box 256
Maputo
Mozambique

The following cities are also mentioned as tropical cyclone warning centers,
though I don't have the addresses for them.

Philippines: Manila

China: Beijing
Dalian
Shanghai
Guangzhou

Korea: Seoul

Vietnam: Hanoi

India: New Delhi
Calcutta
Bombay

Bangladesh: Dhaka

Burma: Rangoon

Sri Lanka: Colombo

Maldive Islands: Male

 

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