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Hard Drive: IBM: DALA-3540 541/528MB 541MB 3.5"/SL ATA2 FAST




D A L A - 3 5 4 0   5 4 1 / 5 2 8 M B    IBM
                                                      Native|  Translation
                                                      ------+-----+-----+-----
Form                 3.5"/SLIMLINE         Cylinders        | 1049| 1024|
Capacity form/unform   541/      MB        Heads            |   16|   16|
Seek time   / track  12.5/ 4.0 ms          Sector/track     |   63|   63|
Controller           IDE / ATA2 FAST/ENHA  Precompensation
Cache/Buffer            96 KB SEGMENTED    Landing Zone
Data transfer rate    4.000 MB/S int       Bytes/Sector      512
                     11.100 MB/S ext PIO3
Recording method     RLL                            operating  | non-operating
                                                  -------------+--------------
Supply voltage     5/12 V       Temperature *C         5 55    |    -40
Power: sleep          0.8 W     Humidity     %        65 90    |      5 95
       standby        0.8 W     Altitude    km    -0.300  3.000| -0.300 12.000
       idle           2.6 W     Shock        g        10       |     75
       seek           5.2 W     Rotation   RPM      4500
       read/write     4.5 W     Acoustic   dBA
       spin-up            W     ECC        Bit   ON THE FLY
                                MTBF         h     350000
                                Warranty Month
Lift/Lock/Park     YES          Certificates     CSA,EEC,FCC,IEC380,IEC435,...

Layout

IBM DALA-3540 OEM HARD DISK DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS S85G-3811-00

  +---------------------------------------------------------+
  |                                                         |XX Power
  |                                           +------------ |xx
  |                                      JP1 +++            |XXI
  |                                       :  | |            |XXN AT
  |                                       :  | | Logic Card |XXT
  |                                      JP7 +++            |XXE
  |                                           |             |XXR
  |                                           |             |XXF
  |                                           |             |XXA
  |                                           |             |XXC
  |                                           |             |XXE
  |                                           +------+      |XX
  |                                                  +----- |XX1
  |  Back Side of the Drive                                 |
  |                                                         |XX Power
  |                                                         |XX
  +---------------------------------------------------------+

Jumpers

IBM DALA-3540 OEM HARD DISK DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS S85G-3811-00

Jumper Setting
==============

Jumpers are used for drive address setting, write cache disabling and
auto re-allocation disabling.

Jumper position and the function are as shown below. Pin pitch is
2mm.

                JP2   JP3       JP5  JP6
          JP1  Slave Cable     Write Auto
         Master  |   Selection Cache Re-alloc.
           |     |    |   JP4  |     |   JP7- 541/528MB Selection
          +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+
          |1 | |3 | |5 | |7 | |9 | |11| |13|
          +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+
          +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+
          |2 | |4 | |6 | |8 | |10| |12| |14|
          +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+ +--+
        ---------------------------------------
        -----------Raw-Card--------------------

NOTES
1. Jumpers for JP1, 2, and 3 should not be selected concurrently.

 2. JP1 is for Master, JP2 is for Slave, JP3 is for Cable Selection
    mode.

 3. To enable Cable Selection mode, the JP3 jumper must be installed.
    In the Cable Selection mode, the drive address is determined as
    follows:

       - When CSEL signal (pin 28) is grounded or at a low level, the
         drive address is 0 (master).

       - When CSEL signal is open or at high level, the drive address
         is 1 (slave).

4. Position JP4 is reserved.

5. When JP5 is installed, write cache function is disabled.

 6. When JP6 is installed, auto reallocation and write cache functions
    are disabled.

 7. When JP7 is installed, the capacity is set to 541MB. Otherwise,
    the capacity is set to 528MB.

Default Setting
---------------
The default jumper setting at shipment is as follows.

 Position:|JP1| JP2| JP3| JP4| JP5 | JP6 | JP7
 Pin:     |1-2| 3-4| 5-6| 7-8| 9-10|11-12|13-14
 ---------+---+----+----+----+-----+-----+------
 Jumper:  | ON| OFF| OFF| OFF| OFF | OFF | ON
            |    |    |    |    |     |     +-- 541MB selected
            |    |    |    |    |     +-------- Auto Re-allocation
            |    |    |    |    |               enabled
            |    |    |    |    +-------------- Write Cache enabled
            |    |    |    +------------------- Not Used (RESERVED)
            |    |    +------------------------ Cable Selection
            |    |                              disabled
            |    +----------------------------- Device ID = Slave
            +---------------------------------- Device ID = Master

 The Jumper Pin Assignments
 --------------------------
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 |JP|Pin No.|Description                  |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 1|   1   | GND                         |
 |  |   2   | -Device Address Select Line |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 2|   3   | NC (Slave position)         |
 |  |   4   | NC                          |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 3|   5   | Cable Selection (Pin 28)    |
 |  |   6   | -Device Address Select Line |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 4|   7   | GND                         |
 |  |   8   | RESERVED                    |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 5|   9   | GND                         |
 |  |  10   | +Write Cache ON (If open)   |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 6|  11   | GND                         |
 |  |  12   | +Auto Reallocation ON (open)|
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+
 | 7|  13   | GND                         |
 |  |  14   | -540MB (If short)           |
 +--+-------+-----------------------------+

Install

IBM DALA-3540 OEM HARD DISK DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS S85G-3811-00

Notes on Installation
=====================

Installation direction
----------------------

     horizontally                           vertically
   +-----------------+             +--+                       +--+
   |                 |             |  +-----+           +-----+  |
   |                 |             |  |     |           |     |  |
 +-+-----------------+-+           |  |     |           |     |  |
 +---------------------+           |  |     |           |     |  |
                                   |  |     |           |     |  |
                                   |  |     |           |     |  |
 +---------------------+           |  +-----+           +-----+  |
 +-+-----------------+-+           +--+                       +--+
   |                 |
   |                 |
   +-----------------+

Drive Mounting
--------------
The drive will operate in all axes (6 directions). Performance and
error rate stay within specification limits even if the drive is
operated in other orientations from which it was formatted.

For reliable operation, it is recommended to mount the drive in a
system securely enough to prevent excessive motion or vibration of
the drive during seek operation or spindle rotation by using
appropriate screws or equivalent mounting instruments.
Drive level vibration test and the shock test are to be conducted
with the drive attached to the table by using four bottom screws
(6-32 UNC).

Recommended screw torque to be applied to mounting screws is 0.6 -
1.0 Nm (6 - 10 kg*cm).

Identification Labels
---------------------
The following labels are affixed to every hard disk drive shipped
from the manufacturing location in accordance with appropriate hard
disk drive assembly drawing.

  - A label contaning the IBM logo, IBM part number and the statement
    "Made by IBM Japan Ltd.".

  - A label containing the drive model number, date code, formatted
    capacity, place of manufacture, and UL/CSA/TUV logos.

- A bar code label containing the drive serial number.

- An user designed label per agreement.

The labels may be integrated with the other labels.

Cabling
-------
The maximum cable length from the host system to the HDD, plus the
circuit pattern length in the host system, cannot exceed 45.7 cm.

Interface Logic Signal Levels
-----------------------------
The interface logic signal have the following electrical
specifications:

  Inputs:  Input High Voltage    2.0 V min.
           Input Low Voltage     0.8 V max.

  Outputs: Output High Voltage   2.4 V min.
           Output Low Voltage    0.5 V max.

There is a choice of 2 power connections to this drive. One DC power
connector is designed to mate with AMP part 1-480424-0 (using AMP
pins P/N 350078-4) strip or (part 61173-4) loose piece, or their
equivalents. The other (3 pin) DC power connector is designed
to mate with MOLEX 5480-03 (using MOLEX pins 5479). Equivalent
connectors may be used. Pin assignments are shown below.

   +-----+         +-------+
   |3 2 1|         |4 3 2 1|
   +-----+         +-------+
    | | +- +5V      | | | +-- +12V
    | +--- +12V     | | +---- GND
    +----- GND      | +------ GND
                    +-------- +5V

AT Signal Connector
-------------------
The AT signal connector i sa 40-pin connector.
The drive uses single-ended drivers and receivers. The connector is
designed to mate with 3M part 3417-7000 or equivalent.

Note: It is intended that the hard disk drive should only be in
electrical contact with the chassis of the PC at a designated set of
mounting holes. Other electrical contact may degrade error rate
performance. As a result of this, it is recommended that there should
be no metal contact to the hard disk drive except at the mounting
holes or the side rails into which the mounting holes are tapped.

Addressing of HDD Registers
---------------------------
The host addresses the drive through a set of registers called the
Task File. These registers are mapped into the host's I/O space. Two
chip select lines (-HCS0 and HCS1) and three address lines (HA 00-02)
are used to select one of these registers, while a -HIOR or -HIOW is
provided at the specified time.

The -HCS0 is used to address Command Block registers, while the HCS1
is used to address Control Block registers.

Features

IBM DALA-3540 OEM HARD DISK DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS S85G-3811-00

General Features
----------------
- Sector format of 512 bytes/sector

- Write cache for sequential write operation

- Close-loop actuator servo

- Dedicated head landing zone

- Automatic actuator look

- 3 X 32KB segmented sector buffer

- ECC On The Fly (EOF)

- Automatic Error Recovery Procedures for Read and Write commands

- Self Diagnostics during Power On and resident diagnostics

- PIO Data Transfer - Mode 3

 - DMA data transfer
     Single word mode 2
     Multiword mode 1

- CHS and LBA mode

- Selectable capacity of 541/528MB by a jumper attachment/detachment

 - Transparent defect management with ADR(Automatic Defect
   Reallocation) during write cache.

- 12msec seek time in read operation

- 4500 rpm disk rotation

- Power saving modes

 Error Register
 --------------
   +-----------------------------------+
   |       Error Register              |
   +---+---+---+----+--+----+-----+----+
   | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4  |3 | 2  |  1  | 0  |
   |BBK|UNC| 0 |IDNF|0 |ABRT|TK0NF|AMNF|
   +---+---+---+----+--+----+-----+----+

This register contains status from the last command executed by the
drive, or a diagnostic code.

At the completion of any command except Execute Drive Diagnostics,
the contents of this register are valid always even if ERR = 0 in the
status register.

Following a power on, a reset, or completion of an Execute Drive
Diagnostic command, this register contains a diagnostic code.

 Bit Definitions
 BBK       Bad Block. BBK = 1 indicates a bad block mark was detected
           in the requested sector's ID field.

 UNC       Uncorrectable Data Error. UNC = 1 indicates an
           uncorrectable data error has been encountered.

 IDNF(IDN) ID Not Found. IDN = 1 indicates the requested sector's ID
           field could not be found.

 ABRT(ABT) Aborted Command. ABT = 1 indicates the requested command
           has been aupported to a drive status error or an invalid
           parameter in an output register.

TK0NF Track 0 Not Found. T0N = 1 indicates track 0 was not found
(T0N) during a Recalibrate command.

 AMNF(AMN) Address Mark Not Found. AMN = 1 indicates the data address
           mark has not been found after finding the correct ID field
           for the requested sector.

Cable Noise Interference
------------------------
To avoid any degradation of performance throughput or error rate when
the interface cable is routed on top or comes in contact with the HDA
assembly, the drive must be grounded electrically to the system frame
by four screws. The common mode noise or voltage level difference
between the system frame and power cable ground or AT interface cable
ground should b ein the allowable level specified in the power
requirement section.

Unit Sound Power Level Testing
------------------------------
Sound power emission levels are measured according to ISO 7779.

Shipping Zone and Lock
----------------------
A dedicated "shipping" (or "landing") zone on the disk, not on the
data area of the disk, is provided to protect the disk data during
shipping, movement, or storage. At power down, the heads are auto-
matically parked and a head locking mechanism secures the heads in
this zone.

Buffering Operation (Look-ahead/Write cache)
--------------------------------------------
In order to improve the total performance, the drive utilizes its own
buffer for lookahead. The total of 96KB of the buffer is divided into
three segmented blocks. Those three segments are managed
intelligently to obtain the best performance.

 Sound Power
 -----------
 Unit Sound Power Level Testing
 +---------+----------------------------------------+
 |         |Octave Band Center Frequency (Hz)       |
 +---------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----+
 |Mode     | 125| 250| 500| 1 k| 2 k| 4 k| 8 k| LwAu|
 +---------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----+
 |Idling   | 4.8| 4.1| 3.6| 3.6| 3.9| 3.9| 3.6| 4.5 |
 +---------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----+
 |Operating| 5.0| 4.3| 4.2| 4.2| 4.2| 4.2| 3.8| 4.8 |
 +---------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----+

 Mode definition
 Idle mode  Power on, disks spinning, track following, unit ready to
            receive and respond to interface command.

 Operating mode
            Continuous random cylinder selection and seek operation of
            the actuator with a delay for a time period achieving the
            required seek rate Ns according to the following formula:

              Ns = 0.4 / (Tt + T1)

            where:

              Ns = average seek rate in seeks/sec.
              Tt = published random seek time
              T1 = time for the drive to rotate by half a revolution

General

IBM DALA-3540

APPLICATION NOTE: Deskstar DALA-3540 drives and ATAPI CD-ROM drives
-------------------------------------------------------------------
We are aware of reports of problems with applications of Deskstar
drives with ATAPI CD-ROM drives, where the CD-ROM cannot be detected
by its driver at boot time. These problems are occurring because of
non-compliances in the ATA implementation by the CD-ROM
manufacturers.

Our laboratories have investigated several CD-ROM drives, and have
determined that several ATAPI suppliers have not complied in their
timing of the -DASP line, used for slave drive detection after a
reset. Incorrect timing of -DASP can cause the Deskstar DALA-3540
drive, as a master, to fail to recognise the presence of the slave.

The incompatibility being discussed only occurs when the hard drive
and the CD-ROM are sharing one bus. Dual bus Enhanced-IDE systems
where the hard drive and ATAPI CD-ROM are on separate buses are not
affected.

ATAPI implementation
--------------------
The ATAPI implementation of a CD-ROM interface has only emerged
into the marketplace in the last 6 months. There are several
recognised problems associated with the total compliance of these
drives with the ATA specification, which are still being addressed by
changes, and the implementation cannot be regarded as stable.

DASP timing
-----------
The ATA spec defines -DASP (device active, slave present) as a
time multiplexed signal which indicates that a device is active,
or that a slave is present. The signal has an open collector output,
and each device has a 10K ohm pull-up resistor. During power on
initialisation, or after -RESET has been negated, the -DASP will be
deasserted by both devices within 1ms, then the slave will assert
-DASP within 400ms to show that it is present. The master is expected
to allow up to 450 ms for the slave to assert -DASP.

The non-compliant ATAPI CD-ROM drives are asserting -DASP, but are
deasserting it within 450 ms of -RESET being negated, where this
should have been held until either a command was accepted, or 31
seconds had elapsed.

The Deskstar DALA-3540 drive was designed to check -DASP at 450ms,
which is compliant with the ATA specification, but at that time, the
non-compliant CD-ROM drives had deasserted -DASP, and were not
visible to be recognised as slaves.













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