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Hard Drive: CONNER: CFL-350A 350MB 2.5"/SSL ATA2 FAST




C F L - 3 5 0 A    CONNER
NO MORE PRODUCED                                      Native|  Translation
                                                      ------+-----+-----+-----
Form                 2.5"/SUPERSLIMLINE    Cylinders        |  905|     |
Capacity form/unform   350/      MB        Heads           4|   12|     |
Seek time   / track  12.0/ 3.0 ms          Sector/track     |   63|     |
Controller           IDE / ATA2 FAST/ENHA  Precompensation
Cache/Buffer            32 KB ADAPTIVE     Landing Zone
Data transfer rate    3.000 MB/S int       Bytes/Sector      512
                     11.100 MB/S ext PIO3
Recording method     RLL 1/7                        operating  | non-operating
                                                  -------------+--------------
Supply voltage     5 V          Temperature *C         5 55    |    -40 60
Power: sleep          0.2 W     Humidity     %         5 90    |      5 90
       standby        0.2 W     Altitude    km    -0.061  3.048| -0.061  4.572
       idle           0.8 W     Shock        g        20       |    300
       seek           1.0 W     Rotation   RPM      3750
       read/write     1.3 W     Acoustic   dBA        37
       spin-up            W     ECC        Bit   AUTOMA.ERROR CORR.,ON THE FLY
                                MTBF         h     300000
                                Warranty Month
Lift/Lock/Park     YES          Certificates     CSA,FCC,IEC380,IEC950,UL19...

Layout

CONNER CFL-350A PRODUCT MANUAL PRE-RELEASE REV. A, 8/94

  +---------------------------------------------------------+
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                               A/C                       |XX 44-pin
  | +----------+              C/D-+++-CS                    |XX Data
  | +----------+                +-+-+-+                     |XX and
  |                                                         |XX Power
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |XX
  |                                                         |  1
  |                                                         |XX
  +---------------------------------------------------------+

Jumpers

CONNER CFL-350A PRODUCT MANUAL PRE-RELEASE REV. A, 8/94

Jumper Setting
==============

 CAM Master/Standalone
 ---------------------
    C/D A/C  CS
   +---+---+---+
   |XXX| : | : |
   +---+---+---+

 CAM Slave
 ---------
    C/D A/C  CS
   +---+---+---+
   | : | : | : |
   +---+---+---+

 CAM Cable Select Master or Slave
 --------------------------------
    C/D A/C  CS
   +---+---+---+
   | : | : |XXX|
   +---+---+---+

 ISA Master/Standalone
 ---------------------
    C/D A/C  CS
   +---+---+---+
   |XXX|XXX| : |
   +---+---+---+

 ISA Slave
 ---------
    C/D A/C  CS
   +---+---+---+
   | : |XXX| : |
   +---+---+---+

 ISA Cable Select Master or Slave
 --------------------------------
    C/D A/C  CS
   +---+---+---+
   | : |XXX|XXX|
   +---+---+---+

Master/Slave Configuration
--------------------------
When two drives are daisy-chained on the host interface, one must be
designated at the master drive (C: drive) and one as the slave drive
(D: drive). Commands from the host are written in parallel to both
drives.

When the C/D jumper on the drive is closed, the drive will assume the
role of a master. When C/D is open, the drive will act as a slave. In
single-drive configurations, C/D must remain in the closed (master)
position.

For each command sent from the host, the DRV bit in the drive/head
register selects the master or the slave drive. When the DRV bit is
reset (0), the master drive is selected, and when the DRV bit is set
(1), the slave drive is selected.

Once the drives receive the command, only the drive with jumper C/D
set to the appropriate position will execute the command. For
example, if the DRV bit is set, only the slave drive (jumper C/D
open) will execute the command.

NOTE
If the command is a diagnostic command, both drives will execute the
command and the slave will report its status to the master via the
Host PDIAG signal.

Throughout this manual, drive selection always refers to the state of
the DRV bit and the position of the C/D jumper.

The drive supports two master/slave modes via the A/C jumper. When
A/C is open, ATA/CAM master/slave mode is selected. When A/C is
closed, Conner master/slave mode is selected.

Supported Master/Slave Modes
----------------------------
There are three different master/slave methods that Conner supports.

- ISA Original
- Conner
- ATA/CAM

Of these three methods, the drive supports all except ISA/Original
mode, with which is compatible.

NOTE
The ATA/CAM master/slave method is not compatible with the other two
methods. The Conner mode is backward-compatible to the ISA Original
mode, but is not compatible with the other.

These three methods are explained in the following sections. For
signals followed by a ' ', activate means go low and deactivate means
go high.

ISA Original Master/Slave
-------------------------
The signals used for master/slave operation and determination are
Host DASP and Host PDIAG .

Host DASP can be used to:

- drive an activity LED
- indicate that the slave drive is present to the master

The Host PDIAG is used to indicate that the slave has passed
diagnostics both at power-on reset (POR) and when the diagnostic
command is issued.

At power-on time, the slave drive activates Host PDIAG and Host
DASP . Host PDIAG remains activated from POR until a diagnostic
command is issued by the host. Once a diagnostic is issued by the
host, the slave deactivates Host PDIAG until either:

- the slave successfully completes the diagnostic command

- the host issues a reset

There are no real timing constraints on Host PDIAG and Host DASP .
At POR, they are both activated within a second or two. When the
diagnostic command is issued by the host, the slave inactivates Host
PDIAG within 100-200 microseconds and is required to reactivate it
within 5 seconds (the only timing constraint) if it successfully
completes the command.

This scheme works fairly well except for two problems:

 - There is no way to tell when the slave becomes ready. If the slave
   becomes ready much later than the master, the slave will miss any
   command that are issued before it goes not busy because the host
   only polls the master to see if the "controller" is ready.

 - In a two-drive configuration, the Host DASP  line is not available
   to drive a drive activity indicator.

In this mode of master/slave, master/slave re-configures with either
a hardware or software reset. A hardware reset is either a POR or
host reset.

This version of master/slave is present on generations 1, 2, and 3
of Conner drives.

Conner Master/Slave
-------------------
To remendy the problem of the host not knowing when the slave was
ready, Conner developed a backward-compatible solution, which we call
Conner Master/Slave.

In Conner Master/Slave, the use of the Host PDIAG signal has been
changed slightly during reset so that the slave will indicate when it
will go not busy. Its use in the diagnostic command has not been
changed.

During POR or any host reset, the slave drive activates Host PDIAG
within 1ms. The master drive waits slightly longer that 1 ms for
Host PDIAG to be activated before it determines that no slave is
present. The slave then deactivates Host PDIAG when it is ready. The
master waits:

 - up to 14 seconds for the slave to deactivate Host PDIAG on either
   a POR or a host reset

 - 450 ms for the slave to deactivate Host PDIAG  on a host software
   reset

If the master times out, it goes not busy.

In this mode of master/slave, master/slave re-configures with either
a hardware or software reset. A hardware reset is either a Power On
Reset (POR) or host bus reset.

This solution was implemented in generations 4 and greater of Conner
drives.

ATA/CAM Master/Slave
--------------------
This industry-standard master/slave solution was developed by the CAM
shortly after the development of the Conner Master/Slave. The
polarity of Host PDIAG is opposite that of the Conner solution and
this is what makes this master/slave scheme incompatible with the
Conner scheme.

At power-on time, the slave deactivates Host PDIAG and then
activates Host DASP within 1 ms of either POR or host reset. Host
DASP activate indicates that a slave is present. The slave
activates Host PDIAG when it is ready to accept commands or after 30
seconds, whichever occurs first. This period is reduced to 450ms for
a software reset. A hardware reset is either a POR or host bus reset.

This solution was implemented in generations 4.5 and greater of
Conner drives and is selectable with the A/C jumper or the CAM bit in
the feature word.

Install

CONNER CFL-350A PRODUCT MANUAL PRE-RELEASE REV. A, 8/94

Notes On Installation
=====================

Installation direction
----------------------

     horizontally                           vertically
   +-----------------+             +--+                       +--+
   |                 |             |  +-----+           +-----+  |
   |                 |             |  |     |           |     |  |
 +-+-----------------+-+           |  |     |           |     |  |
 +---------------------+           |  |     |           |     |  |
                                   |  |     |           |     |  |
                                   |  |     |           |     |  |
 +---------------------+           |  +-----+           +-----+  |
 +-+-----------------+-+           +--+                       +--+
   |                 |
   |                 |
   +-----------------+

The drive will operate in all axis (6 directions).

Mounting the drive
------------------
You can mount the drive either vertically or horizontally. The drive
will meet all performance specifications when mounted at any
orientation.

CAUTION
The surface(s) on which you mount the drive should be flat and
parallel to prevent uneven pressure on the drive. Mounting the drive
on an uneven surface could cause the drive's base to deform, degrad-
ing drive performance.

CAUTION
Do not route the cable next to the drive PCB or any other high
frequency or large current switching signals. Improper drive opera-
tion can result from improper cable routing.

Data and Power Connections
--------------------------
The drive has a single 44-pin, 2mm pitch combined data and power
connector user interface. The connector header also has a 4-pin
factory test port which is separated from the user interface by a 2-
pin blank space where the pins have been removed.

A number of suppliers manufacture a compatible mating connector. A
part number for reference purposes is AMP 1-111626-0 (or equivalent).
The maximum cable length is 18 inches.

The drive also has a jumper block which can be set to specify drive
operational parameters.

Signal Levels
-------------
All signal levels are TTL compatible. A logic "1" is > 2.0 Volts. A
logic "0" is from 0.00 Volts to 0.70 Volts.

Read/Write Heads and Disks
--------------------------
Data is recorded on 65mm diameter disks through nanoslider type thin
film heads. The CFL350A contains two disks with four data surface and
four read/write heads.

At power-down, the heads are automatically retracted to the inner
diameter of the disk and are latched and parked on a landing zone
that is inside the data tracks.

Features

CONNER CFL-350A PRODUCT MANUAL PRE-RELEASE REV. A, 8/94

Overview of the Drives
----------------------
The Conner Filepro Notebook Series CFL350A is a high-performance 2.5
inch 350 megabyte hard disk drive with 12 millisecond average seek
time that is designed to operate with an IBM PC/AT or equivalent host
computer system in translate mode. This product is compatible with
the CFN340A family of drives.

The drive provides these features:

 - High performance rotary voice coil actuator with embedded servo
   system.

- 1/7 Run length limited code

- High shock resistance

- Sealed HDA

- Automatic actuator latch against inner stop upon power-down

 - Microprocessor-controlled diagnostics routines that are auto-
   matically executed at start-up.

- 32KB buffer with adaptive cache management

- Read Look Ahead and optional Write Caching

- Automatic error correction and retries, ECC on the fly

- Block size 512 bytes

- emulates IBM Task File and supports additional commands

- allows daisy-chaining up to two drives on the AT interface

- Auto-Translate (Universal Translate)

- 4-byte ECC diagnostic check in read/write

- supports ATA standard PIO Mode 3

The drive supports either of the following Master/Slave protocol
standards:

- ATA/CAM (AT Attachment/Common Access Method)

- ISA/Conner (Industrie-Standard Architecture)

Firmware
--------
The drive's firmware includes a command set which the host uses to
control the drive. The command set allows the host to request the
following types of actions:

- report drive status
- seek a specific point on the disk
- read and write data

Universal Translate Mode
------------------------
Conner has established a Universal Translate Mode which enables the
user to configure the drive in an AT environment to any cylinder,
head, and sector configuration desired. The translate configuration
is limited only by the maximum capacity of the drive. Upon initial
power up to the drive it will default to a configuration shown below:

          Cylinders        Heads       Sectors
 CFL340A     905            12           63

After the drive is ready, the host system may issue INIT DRIVE PARMS
COMMAND (command code 91hex) to alter the translate configuration
(number of heads and number of sectors per track). The drive will
then:

 - calculate the total number of available logical tracks based upon
   the entered sector and head values

 - save the drive parameters in non-volatile memory for subsequent
   drive operations

Seek Times
----------

       +----------------------------------+--------+
       |         track to track      max. |   3 ms |
       +----------------------------------+--------+
       |               Average msec.      |  12    |
       |               Average msec. max. |  20    |
       +----------------------------------+--------+
       |Latency                msec. avg. |   8.0  |
       +----------------------------------+--------+
       The timing is measured through the interface with the drive
       operating at nominal DC input voltages. The timing also assumes
       that:
             - BIOS and PC system hardware dependency have been
               subtracted from timing measurements.

       The average seek time is determined by averaging the seek time
       for a minimum of 1000 seeks of random length over the surface
       of the disk.

Head Positioning Mechanism
--------------------------
The two read/write heads are supported by a mechanism coupled to a
rotary voice coil actuator.

 Task File Interface Signal Connector Pin 28
 -------------------------------------------
 Pin 28 +Spindle Sync/Cable Select (I/O)
 Optional. This signal may optionally be used for two functions.

 - Spindle Sync is a signal used by the drives which are interconnect
   on the same cable to synchronize their spindle rotation with each
   other. The function is NOT supported on this drive.

 - Cable Select routes the C/D select to this spin. When set high,
   drive D: is selected; when set low, drive C: is selected. This
   option is enabled by removing the jumper from C/D and placing it on
   the CD position.

Error Correction
----------------
The drives use a Reed-Solomon code to perform error detection and
correction. For each 512-byte block, the software error correction
polynominal is capable of correcting:

- one error burst up to 22 bits

- two error burst up to 11 bits each

Single bursts of 11 bits or less are corrected on the fly (OTF) with
no performance degradation.

Execute Drive Diagnostic
------------------------
Command Number: 90 hex

Description
This command performs the internal diagnostic tests implemented by
the drive. The diagnostic tests are only executed upon receipt of
this command.

The drive sets BSY immediately upon of the command. If the drive is a
master, the drive performs the diagnostic tests and saves the
results. It then checks to see if a slave drive is present and waits
up to 5 seconds for the slave to complete its diagnostics. If the
slave successfully completes its diagostics, it asserts -HOST PDIAG.
If unsuccessful, the master drive resets BSY in the Status register
and generates an interrupt. The Error bit (ERR) is set in the Status
register and the Error register is updated.

The value in the Error register should be viewed as a unique 8-bit
code and not as the single-bit flags defined previously. The inter-
face registers are set to initial values except for the Error
register.

The table below details the codes in the Error register and a
corresponding explanation.

Error Code Description
01 hex No error detected
02 hex Format device error
03 hex Sector buffer error
05 hex Sequencer error
8x hex Slave drive failed

Additional codes may be implemented at the manufacturer's option.

NOTE
If the slave drive fails diagnostics, the master drive shall "OR" 80
hex with its own status and load that code into the Error register.
If the slave drive passes diaagnostics or there is no slave drive
connected, the master drive shall sect bit 7 of the Error register
Task File to 0.

Reliability and Maintenace
---------------------------
MTBF 300,000 hours POH
MTTR 10 minutes typical
Preventive Maintenance None
Component Design Life 5 years
Start/Stop Cycles 50,000 minimum

Drive Motor and Spindle
-----------------------
A brushless DC direct-drive motor assembly is mounted on the drive's
base. The motor rotates the spindle at 3750 RPM. The motor/spindle
assembly is balanced to provide minimal mechanical runout to the
disks. A dynamic brake is used to provide a fast stop to the spindle
motor and return the heads to the landing zone when power is removed.

Safety Standard
---------------
The drive is designed to comply with relevant product safety
standards, including:

 - UL 478, 5th edition, Standard for Safety of Information Processing
   and Business Equipment, and UL 1950, Standard for Safety of
   Information Technology Equipment

 - CSA 22.2#220, Information Processing and Business Equipment,
   CSA 22.2#950, Safety of Electrically Energized Office Machines

 - IEC 380, Safety of Electrically Energized Office Machines, and
   IEC 950, Safety of Information Technology Equipment Including
   Electrical Business Equipment

- VDE 0805, VDE 0805 TIEL 100, VDE 0806

- Complies with FCC Class B, Part 15, Subpart J













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