This article is from the CD-Recordable FAQ, by Andy McFadden (email@example.com) with numerous contributions by others.
Typical Red Book audio CDs don't have this information. Software audio CD
players like those provided by Adaptec or Microsoft require you to type in
the information, which is then stored in a database on your hard drive.
The discs are identified by computing a signature based on track offsets
and other fields. http://www.cddb.com/ acts as an Internet database of
Some newer formats, like CD Extra, allow or even require such information
to be included on the CD. See Sony's pages at http://www.cdextra.com/.
Some recent CD players are advertised as "CD-Text Ready". These use the
CD-Text data embedded in the P-W subcode channels to display disc and track
title data. See section (3-28) for more about CD-Text.