This article is from the Glossary of Stock Investing Terms.
A company's financial statement summarizing revenues and expenses in a specific period, also known as a profit and loss statement.
The total dividends that would be paid on a share of stock in the next twelve months if each dividend is the same amount as the latest payment.
The yield that a share of stock would return based on its current indicated dividend, calculated by dividing the indicated dividend by the current share price.
Known as an IRA. A special retirement planning account for individuals. IRA's currently allow an annual contribution of 100% of earned income up to a maximum of $2,000. All or part of the contribution may be deductible from current taxes, depending on the individual's income and coverage by an employer-sponsored qualified retirement plan (like a 401k plan). Eventual withdrawals of tax deferred contributions are taxed as income, including the capital gains.
One of any number of categories used to describe a company's primary business activity, usually determined by largest source of a company's revenues. Can be broad (such as Consumer Cyclical companies), or specific (quick-service hamburger restaurants), or some category in between.
Known as an IPO. The first sale of stock by a company to the public. IPOs are often smaller, newer companies seeking equity capital to expand their businesses.
Any person who has or has access to relevant non-public information about a company, including directors, officers and any stockholder who owns more than 10% of a corporation.
Information about a company's activities that has not been disclosed to the general public. It is illegal for anyone with access to such information to make trades based on it.
Illegal trading by anyone considered an insider who has access to non-public information, and who attempts to profit from that knowledge.
Included on a company's balance sheet. Inventory can be raw materials, items already available for sale or in the process of being manufactured.
The ratio of annual sales to inventory. Low turnover may indicate excess inventory or poor sales -- not a good sign.
Commonly known as a closed-end fund. Closed-end funds invest in other securities (like a mutual fund) but have a fixed number of shares and are traded similarly to stocks. The market price may exceed the net asset value (NAV) per share, in which case the fund is selling at a "premium." When the market price falls below the NAV, the fund is selling at a "discount."