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Glossary of Stock Investing Terms: E




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This article is from the Glossary of Stock Investing Terms.

Glossary of Stock Investing Terms: E

  • Earnings:

    Net income for a company during a specific period, generally (but not always) referring to after-tax income.

  • Earnings per share (eps):

    Net income for a specific period (usually a year or a quarter) divided by the number of common shares outstanding. Companies usually use a weighted average number of shares outstanding over reporting term. Primary Earnings Per Share (or Fully-Diluted Earnings Per Share) uses the sum of all shares currently outstanding and all common stock equivalents, resulting in the number of shares that would be outstanding if all convertible securities were converted into common stock.

  • EDGAR:

    Acronym for Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval. The Securities and Exchange Commission's electronic system used by all publicly-traded companies to transmit required filings to the SEC. The SEC provides a free EDGAR; other companies provide their own EDGAR services that include additional information and search capabilities.

  • Equity:

    On the balance sheet, the value of the funds contributed by the owners (the stockholders) plus the retained earnings (or losses). The balance sheet may list Owners' Equity or Shareholders' Equity.

  • Equity financing :

    The process of selling common or preferred stock to raise working capital.

  • Exchange:

    An exchange is a market where securities, commodities, options and futures are traded, such as the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange.

  • Ex-dividend date:

    Also known as the Ex-Date. This is the date after which the seller, and not the buyer, of a stock will be entititled to a recently announced dividend. It is usually four business days before the record date, and is indicated in newspaper listings with an "x."

  • Execution:

    The completion of a buy or sell order.

 

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