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99 Glossary (Holocaust: Reinhard)




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This article is from the Holocaust FAQ, by Ken McVay kmcvay@nizkor.org with numerous contributions by others.

99 Glossary (Holocaust: Reinhard)

Einsatzgruppen: Battalion-sized, mobile, armed units of police,
primarily Security Police and SD officials, which were used
to attack and execute perceived enemies in conquered territories.
(Breitman, 311)

Einsatzkommando: Company-sized component of the Einsatzgruppen
(Breitman, 311)

Gauleiter: Supreme territorial or regional party authority(-ies)
(The term is both singular and plural). The Nazi Party divided
Germany and some annexed territories into geographical units
called Gaue, headed by a Gauleiter. (Breitman, 311)

General Government: The Nazi-ruled state in central and eastern
Poland. Headed by Governor Hans Frank. (Breitman, 311)

Final Solution: Euphemism for the extermination of European Jewry

Judenrat: Jewish community authority, appointed by the Nazis for
ghetto and village administration.

Trawniki: Labor camp, established in the Fall of 1941, in Trawniki,
S.E. of Lublin, Poland. Trawniki was part of a network of labor
camps and death camps controlled by Globocnik. Trawniki was
destroyed when Himmler ordered the death camps closed, and the
ground plowed and converted to farm use. See Encyclopedia, Vol.
IV, pp 1480-1481.

SD (Sicherheitsdienst): The SS Security Service

Sonderkommandos: Division of Einsatzgruppen, generally smaller than
Einsatzkommando, but also a more general term for special
commando units assigned particular functions. (Breitman, 311)

Military rank - here's a list from Breitman (314) which shows SS
ranks and the Western military equivalent:

   Oberstgruppenfuehrer 	General
   Obergruppenfuehrer		Lt. General
   Gruppenfuehrer			Major General
   Brigadefuehrer			Brigadier General
   Oberfuehrer        		between Brigadier & Colonel
   Standartenfuehrer		Colonel
   Obersturmbannfuehrer		Lt. Colonel
   Sturmbannfuehrer 		Major
   Hauptsturmfuehrer		Captain
   Obersturmfuehrer			1st. Lieutenant
   Unterscharfuehrer		Corporal
   Rottenfuehrer			Private, First Class
   Sturmann				    Private
   SS-Mann				    no equivalent

 

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