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10 Who were the U.S. Generals at the out-break of the war, and who were the first Generals appointed after the war began? (U.S. Civil War: Battles and fighting forces)




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This article is from the U.S. Civil War FAQ, by Justin M. Sanders jsanders@jaguar1.usouthal.edu with numerous contributions by others.

10 Who were the U.S. Generals at the out-break of the war, and who were the first Generals appointed after the war began? (U.S. Civil War: Battles and fighting forces)

[Contributed by Carlton Andrews (andrews@mls.ed.ray.com)]

USA Generals - Prior to Army Expansion

Name                       Rank  *Commission Date    Age 7/1/61
----                       ----   ---------------    ----------
Winfield Scott             M.G.   6/25/1841                75
John Ellis Wool            B.G.   6/25/1841                77
David Emanuel Twiggs       B.G.   6/30/1846
  [Twiggs was dismissed 3/1/1861 for handing/surrendering all men and
   equipment in Texas to the state of Texas]
William Selby Harney       B.G.   6/14/1858                60
  [Harney was removed from his command in Missouri 29 May 1861.  He was 
   not reassigned and retired 1 Aug 1863.]
Joseph E. Johnston      QM-B.G.   6/28/1860  [staff appt.]
Edwin Vose Sumner          B.G.   3/16/1861                64

              ARMY EXPANSION May 1861
              -----------------------
  
              Regular Commissions
George Brinton McClellan   M.G.   5/14/1861                34
John Charles Fremont       M.G.   5/14/1861                48
Henry Wager Halleck        M.G.   5/19/1861                46
Joseph K. F. Mansfield     B.G.   5/14/1861                57
Irvin McDowell             B.G.   5/14/1861                42
Robert Anderson            B.G.   5/15/1861                56
William Starke Rosecrans   B.G.   5/16/1861                41
  
              Volunteer Commissions
John Adams Dix             M.G.   5/16/1861                62
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks   M.G.   5/16/1861                45
Benjamin Franklin Butler   M.G.   5/16/1861                42
37 officers                B.G.   5/17/1861

* Commission Date is date to rank from, not date appointed.

 

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