Cefprozil or Cefzil is a cephalosporin antibiotic used in bacterial infections that are susceptible. It has a broad spectrum of activity, and is available both as an injection and as oral tablets.
Cephalosporin antibiotics are classified in "generation" according to their antibacterial activity: first generation - cefadroxil, cefazolin, cephalexin, cephalothin, cephapirin, cephradine; second generation - cefaclor, cefamandole, cefmetazole, cefonicid, ceforanide, cefotetan, cefoxitin, Cefprozil or Cefzil, cefuroxime, loracarbef; third generation - cefixime, cefoperazone, cefotaxime, cefpodoxime, ceftazidime, ceftizoxime, ceftriaxone.
Cefprozil or Cefzil inhibits bacterial cell wall formation and the bacteria dies.
Cefprozil or Cefzil can cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, constipation, headache, and fever.
Because there is a cross sensitivity with penicillins, people who are allergic to penicillin should use Cefprozil or Cefzil, and all cephalosporins, carefully.
As with all antibiotics and in combination with other antibiotics, Cefprozil or Cefzil has the ability to cause bacterial resistance to antibiotics.
Ped Infect Dis J 1995;14(12):1113
The relevant product monographs must be regarded as the appropriate sources of prescribing information.