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Itraconazole (Sporanox) Drug for Fungal Infections: Use, Side Effects, Interactions




Itraconazole
(Sporanox, United States and Canada)

More drugs used for Fungal Infections.

Use:

Itraconazole or Sporanox is an oral anti fungal drug used in fungal infections such as those of the toe nail - onychomycosis.

How It Works:

Itraconazole or Sporanox interferes with the cell wall formation of fungus, thus killing it.
A once or twice daily dose for several weeks eradicates the fungus, however there is approximately a 20% relapse rate. A novel routine - one 200 mg tablet twice daily for one week each month for three to four months - seems to be as effective.

Side Effects:

Itraconazole or Sporanox can cause nausea, abdominal discomfort, an allergy like rash, water retention, and even hepatitis.

Cautions for People:

Itraconazole or Sporanox must be taken for a relative long period of time to be effective against toe nail fungal infections. Remembering to take the drug and patience is key.

Drug Interactions:

Drugs that decrease stomach acid, for example acid blockers like cimetidine, decrease Itraconazole or Sporanox's absorption. Rifampin, phenytoin, isoniazid, phenobarbital, and carbamazepine induce some types of liver enzymes which metabolize Itraconazole or Sporanox lowering levels of the drug in the body.
Itraconazole or Sporanox inhibits some types of liver enzymes to increase the concentration of other drugs in the body - cyclosporin, digoxin, terfenadine, astemizole, triazolam, midazolam, cisapride, felodipine, and quinidine.
With oral hypoglycemics, that is drugs used to reduce blood glucose levels in diabetes, Itraconazole or Sporanox can produce severe drops in blood glucose levels. Itraconazole or Sporanox can decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.

Further Reading:

Med Letter 1993;35:7
Med Letter 1996;38:5

Added to Virtual Drugstore August 1996.

The relevant product monographs must be regarded as the appropriate sources of prescribing information.













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