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10 What are the typical symptoms of depression?




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This article is from the Depression FAQ, by Cynthia Frazier with numerous contributions by others.

10 What are the typical symptoms of depression?

A depressive disorder is a "whole-body" illness, involving your body, mood, and thoughts. It affects the way you eat and sleep, the way you feel about yourself, and the way you think about things. A depressive disorder is not a passing blue mood. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be willed or wished away. People with a depressive illness cannot merely "pull themselves together" and get better. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years. Appropriate treatment, however, can help over 80% of those who suffer from depression. Bipolar depression includes periods of high or mania. Not everyone who is depressed or manic experiences every symptom. Some people experience a few symptoms, some many. Also, severity of symptoms varies with individuals.

Symptoms of Depression:

* Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood

* Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism

* Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness

* Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that you once enjoyed, including sex

* Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping.

* Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain

* Decreased energy. fatigue, being "slowed down"

* Thoughts of death or suicide, suicide attempts

* Restlessness, irritability

* Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions

* Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain

Symptoms of Mania:

* Inappropriate elation

* Inappropriate irritability

* Severe insomnia

* Grandiose notions

* Increased talking

* Disconnected and racing thoughts

* Increased sexual desire

* Markedly increased energy

* Poor judgment

* Inappropriate social behavior

 

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