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Umbelliferae




Description

This item is from "Some Common Medicinal And Poisonous Plants Used In Ethiopian Folk Medicine" work, by Amare Getahun.

Umbelliferae

Carum copticum D. C.

netch-azmud(A)

kamon (G, Adaric)

A cultivated spice plant usually mixed with red pepper in which it tends to reduce the "hotness". Some people add netch-azmud before fermentation and distillation of katicalla, a local, strong alcoholic beverage.

The roots of this herb are used in the in the treatment of stomach complaint. The spice is found in all local open markets.

Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br.

missiritch, abek'a(A)

surrubatri (T)

aghio (K)

Shrub of varying height but usually over 1 meter high with blue, lilac, and white flowers. The plant is very common near old dwellings and overgrazed rolling hills.

A decoction made by boiling the roots is drunk as an antidote in poisoning.

The plant is also used as a vermifuge, expellant and to cause diarrhea in stock.

The decoction of the plant is also used to dress wounds.

Mixed with the shoots of bissana (Croton macrostachys) and the roots of inbuye, it is taken orally to cure constipation. Butter is added to the paste.

Conium maculatum L.

chof-chof (GHO or (Som)

There is only one species so far reported in Ethiopia. This plant may be found on roadsides and on waste lands as a weed.

The plant produces a very poisonous narcotic acid. This plant was used in ancient Greece to kill criminals and political enemies. The poison was used by Socrates in his suicide.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

ensilal (A)

kamuni, insilali(G)

Weed of cultivated or disturbed grounds, sometimes common in grassland areas too. Plant is green and blooms when it is dry for anything else.

The seeds from this wild or at least not usually cultivated plant, are found in the traditional or open markets.

The seeds and dried plant parts are used to flavor local drinks such as areke and tej.

The boiled or roasted roots are used in the treatment of gonorrhea.

 

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