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Leguminosae (papilionaceae)




Description

This item is from "Some Common Medicinal And Poisonous Plants Used In Ethiopian Folk Medicine" work, by Amare Getahun.

Leguminosae (papilionaceae)

Cadia purpurea (Picc.) Ait

kadi (Arabic)

hasaus (T)

salema (Som)

saele (GH)

The plant is widespread in low and mid-altitude areas in Ethiopia.

Some drug companies in Europe have recently become interested in the plant in the manufacture of drugs from it. The nature of the finding has not been made public.

Indigofera coerulea Roxb var. occidentalis Gillett.

(= I. houer Forsk.)

darko (Som)

houer (Arabic)

The dried leaves and roots are ground and used as a wound dressing in Kalaffo (Ogaden).

Lathyrus sativus L.

guaya (A)

sebere (T) ~

rough pea (Eng.)

This species is widely cultivated in the highlands of Ethiopia as a pulse crop for human consumption. The seeds case "Lathyrism"and the natives believe drinking milk along with foods prepared from guaya enhances the rate of incidence of the disease.

Millettia ferruginea (Hoches.) Baker

birbira (A)

sotallo, kotalu (G)

enghediksho (Sid)

sari (GA)

zaghia (Wol)

yego (GH)

A relatively fast growing tree or shrub up to 12 to 15 meters in height. The tree is found at the edge of forests or in forests as an understory tree. The tree is widely distributed in Ethiopia.

Its use as a fish poison is widely known. The bark and mature fruit (pod and seed) are ground into powder and spread over the water.

The fish stunned by the effects of the drug start to come close to the surface, thus enabling an easy catch.

It is a nice ornamental tree and is sometimes planted in towns lining streets.

Tephrosia voqelii Hook. f.

The seeds, leaves and roots of this shrubby herb are considered poisonous. The leaves are reportedly used as fish poison and in bringing about abortions.

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

abish (A)

sunko (G)

abacham, abacheh ( T )

Fenugreek is commonly cultivated as a garden spice or as a field crop. It is widely grown in the semi-highland and highland regions.

It is found in the traditional open markets as the whole fruit or in the form of a powder.

Fenugreek, mixed with bakella (Vicia faba), is used to treat boils. The paste is plastered on the ebtet (boil).

The plant is also reportedly used to treat leprosy as well as muscular distrophyo. It is, moreover, used against rheumatismo

Fenugreek or abish is considered good food both for adults and infants. The pow der mixed with quantitites of honey makes a good andnourishing drink for adultsa. The person gains weight quickly bec auseit is seid to improve the individual's appetiteo

In some northern provinces where coffe is both scarce and expensive, abish is used as a substituteg Abish, "coffee" is made by first roastingit lightly and then boiling it without poundingo. It is drunk with sugaro

 

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