This article is from the Epilepsy FAQ, by Andrew Patrick (email@example.com) with numerous contributions by others.
Epilepsy is the oldest known brain disorder. It was mentioned more than
2,000 years before Christ. References can be found in ancient Greek
texts and in The Bible. It wasn't until the mid 1800's, however, that
Epilepsy was given serious study. Sir Charles Locock was the first to
introduce a sedative that aided in controlling seizures in 1857. In
1870, John Hughlings Jackson identified the brain's outer layer, the
cerebral cortex, as the part involved in Epilepsy. Hans Berger
demonstrated that the electrical impulses of the human brain could be
recorded in 1929.