This article is from the Organ Transplant FAQ, by firstname.lastname@example.org (Michael Holloway) with numerous contributions by others.
The chance of getting a good organ or tissue match is more likely within
an ethnic group. Since minorities in the US have traditionally been less
likely to participate in organ and tissue donation, the chances of a
patient from one of these groups finding a match is decreased. The urban
legend, of course, is that organ distribution discriminates by race and,
therefore, donation should be refused since it will punish the
oppressors. The tragic reality is that the people they are hurting the
most by doing this are the people within their own ethnic group.
Kallich JD. Wyant T. Krushat M., The effect of DR antigens, race,
sex, and peak PRA on estimated median waiting time for a first cadaver
kidney transplant. Clinical Transplants. :311-8, 1990.
Pike RE. Kahn D. Jacobson JE., Demographic factors influencing
consent for cadaver organ donation. South African Medical Journal.
79(5):264-7, 1991 Mar 2.
Arnason WB., Thomas Jefferson Memorial Church, Unitarian Universalist,
Charlottesville, Va. Directed donation. The relevance of race.
Hastings Center Report. 21(6):13-9, 1991 Nov-Dec.
Plawecki HM. Plawecki JA., Improving organ donation rates in the black
community. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 10(1):34-46, 1992 Mar.
Mozes, Hayes, Tang
Impediments to Successful Organ Procurement in the "Required Request"
Era: An Urban Center Experience
Transplantation Proceedings 1991 October; 23(5):2545