Generic Name: CHLORTHALIDONEPronunciation:
(klor thal' i done)Trade Name(s):
Hythalton, hygroton, bigrotonWhy it is prescribed:
Chlorthalidone, a water pill, is
used to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention caused by
various conditions. It causes the kidney to eliminate unneeded
water and salt into the urine.When it is to be taken:
Chlorthalidone is usually taken
once a day or every other day. Follow the instructions on your
prescription label carefully. It is best to take this medication
in the morning so that you will not have to go to the bathroom
during the night. Chlorthalidone controls high blood pressure
and fluid retention but does not cure them. Therefore, it is important
that you take this medication regularly. If you also are taking
cholestyramine, take it at least one hour after chlorthalidone.How it should be taken:
Chlorthalidone comes in the form
of tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take
at each dose. Take it after a meal, preferably breakfast.Special Instruction:
1. Keep all appointments with your doctor. Your blood pressure
should be checked regularly, and blood tests may be needed periodically.
2. Do not stop taking chlorthalidone without consulting your doctor.
3. Be sure that you have enough medication on hand at all times,
especially for vacations and holidays.
4. Follow your doctor's dietary recommendations. They may include
a low-salt or low-sodium diet, potassium supplements, and increased
amounts of potassium-rich foods (e.g., bananas and orange juice).Side Effects:
1. Frequent urination. This problem should disappear after you
take chlorthalidone for a few weeks.
2. Muscle weakness, cramps, thirst. Be sure that you are taking
your potassium supplement correctly, if prescribed. Contact your
doctor if these effects persist.
3. Sore throat, easy bruising, skin rash. Contact your doctor
immediately. 4.Dizziness, lightheadedness. Try arising slowly
from a sitting or lying position.Other Precautions:
1. Tell your doctor if you have diabetes, gout, kidney or liver
disease, or an allergy to sulfa drugs before you take chlorthalidone.
2. Inform your doctor if you develop severe vomiting or diarrhea
while taking this medication.
3. Alcohol and sleep aids may increase the dizziness or lightheadedness
caused by chlorthalidone.
4. Before you take chlorthalidone, tell your doctor what prescription
and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially lithium,
probenecid, medication for arthritis or pain, sleeping pills,
and other medication for high blood pressure.
5. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact
6. Before having surgery, tell the doctor about your blood pressure
7. Do not allow anyone else to take this medication.Storage Conditions:
Keep this medication in the container
it came in and out of the reach of children.