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97 Old Roses: Pernetiana Roses.




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This article is from the Rose Gardening FAQ, by Bill Chandler chandler@austin.ibm.com, Jolene Adams jolene@cchem.berkeley.edu, Brent C. Dickerson odinthor@csulf.edu, Karen Baldwin kbaldwin@veribest.com, and many contributors

97 Old Roses: Pernetiana Roses.

Though the new HT's had definite yellow tinges from their Tea
connections, Pernet-Ducher of Lyon, France, wanted to develop a deep
yellow. Experimentation in the 1890's with the difficult to breed with
R. foetida at length brought a cross between it and an old purple-red
HP, `Antoine Ducher'. From this came `Soleil d'Or' of 1900, a rather
difficult-to-grow plant with blossoms of a revolutionary coloration:
gold/pink/saffron/etc., much more pronounced than it had ever been in
the Teas. This cross and its nearer descendants were called "Pernetiana
Roses" in honor of Pernet-Ducher. They are characterized by growth and
health quirks associated with R. foetida (glossy leaves, die-back,
fungal problems). To remedy these problems, and to satisfy what would
be the natural urge, breeders began crossing these Pernetianas with the
Hybrid Teas of the time, producing wild colors in oranges, hot pinks,
bright yellows, flame, apricot . . . By the late 1920's, these two
races had merged to produce the Modern Hybrid Tea of today. `Soleil
d'Or', `Mme. Edouard Herriot', `Los Angeles', `Souvenir de Claudius
Pernet', `Souvenir de Georges Pernet', `Willowmere', `Autumn',
`California', `Arthur R. Goodwin', `Lyon-Rose'.

 

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