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1.7 How common are the diseases vaccinated against?




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This article is from the Childhood Vaccinations FAQ, by Lynn Gazis-Sax lynng@alsirat.com with numerous contributions by others.

1.7 How common are the diseases vaccinated against?

I have extracted from table number 190, in _Statistical Abstracts of
the United States_, the following table, showing the frequency, in the
US, of some diseases for which vaccinations are either available and
diseases for which I knew a vaccine was being developed or researched
(obviously with more success in some cases than in others). Table
information extracted from:

No. 190. Specific Reportable Diseases - Cases Reported: 1970 to 1990

Disease                         1970    1980    1983    1984    1985
AIDS                            (N/A)   (N/A)   2,117   4,445   8,249
Chickenpox (1000)               (N/A)   190.9   177.5   222.0   178.2
Diptheria                       435     3       5       1       3
Hepatitis B (serum) (1000)      8.3     19.0    24.3    26.1    26.6
  A (infectious) (1000)         56.8    29.1    21.5    22.0    23.2
Measles (1000)                  47.4    13.5    1.5     2.6     2.8
Meningococcal infections        2,505   2,840   2,736   2,746   2,479   
Mumps (1000)                    105.0   8.6     3.4     3.0     3.0
Pertussis (1000)                4.2     1.7     2.5     2.3     3.6
Plague                          13      18      40      31      17
Poliomyelitis, acute            33      9       15      8       7
Rabies, animal                  3,224   6,421   5,878   5,567   5,565
Rabies, human                   3       _       2       3       1
Rubella (1000)                  56.6    3.9     1.0     1.0     0.6
Tetanus                         148     95      91      74      83
Tuberculosis (1000)             37.1    27.7    23.8    22.3    22.2
Typhoid fever                   346     510     507     390     402
 
Disease                         1986    1987    1988    1989    1990
AIDS                            13,166  21,070  31,001  33,722  41,595
Chickenpox (1000)               183.2   213.2   192.9   185.4   173.1
Diptheria                       _       3       2       3       4
Hepatitis B (serum) (1000)      26.1    25.9    23.2    23.4    21.1
  A (infectious) (1000)         23.4    25.3    28.5    35.8    31.4
Measles (1000)                  6.3     3.7     3.4     18.2    27.8
Meningococcal infections        2,594   2,930   2,964   2,727   2,451
Mumps (1000)                    7.8     12.8    4.9     5.7     5.3
Pertussis (1000)                4.2     2.8     3.5     4.2     4.6
Plague                          10      12      15      4       2
Poliomyelitis, acute            8       6       9       5       7
Rabies, animal                  5,504   4,658   4,651   4,724   4,826
Rabies, human                   _       1       _       1       1
Rubella (1000)                  0.6     0.3     0.2     0.4     1.1
Tetanus                         64      48      53      53      64
Tuberculosis (1000)             22.8    22.5    22.4    23.5    25.7
Typhoid fever                   362     400     436     460     552

Measles: 45 million cases and around 1 million deaths estimated in
developing countries in 1990. (Clements, Strassburg, Cutts, and Torel)

Polio: 16,435 cases reported by 46 countries to the Expanded Programme
on Immunization in 1990, a 39% decrease from 1989 when 26,916 cases
were reported. (Hull and Ward)

"Neonatal tetanus claimed the lives of over 433,000 infants in
1991. It is endemic in over 90 countries throughout the world."
(Whitman, Belgharbi, Gasse, Torel, Mattei, and Zoffman)

Pertussis (whooping cough): 659,973 cases reported in 1987. (Galazka)

The incidence of some of these diseases has changed significantly
since the tables in this section. More up to date information on
worldwide incidence of vaccine preventable diseases can be found at
http://www.who.org.

 

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