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02 Rottweiler: History

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This article is from the Rottweilers Breed FAQ, by arc@netrax.net (Denise Gross).

02 Rottweiler: History

The Rottweiler is said to be descended from the drover dogs of ancient
Rome. These mastiff-type dogs accompanied the Roman Legions across the
Alps herding their cattle and guarding their camps. One such camp, on
the banks of the Neckar River in what is now southern Germany, was the
origin of the town of Rottweil (named for the red tile roofs of the
villas built by the Romans). Through the mid-1800's, the cattle trade
flourished in Rottweil, as did the Rottweiler Metzgerhund (butcher
dog), who drove the cattle to market and returned with the filled
purses of their masters around their necks. As rail transportation
became the primary means of bringing cattle to market, the dogs were
used less frequently. Legend has it that by 1905 there was but one
Rottweiler left in the town of Rottweil. By the early 1900's though,
the Rottweiler gained popularity as a police dog. Several Clubs were
formed, and in 1921 united as the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler
Klub (ADRK). In 1931, the first Rottweiler was admitted to the AKC
Stud Book. Through the 1970's, the Rottweiler was a fairly uncommon
dog in the United States, ranking in the middle of AKC registered
breeds in terms of number of dogs registered. In the early 1980's the
Rottweiler began a meteoric rise in popularity, and has been the
second most popular AKC breed since 1992.

 

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