This article is from the Keeshonden Breed FAQ, by firstname.lastname@example.org (Kimberly J. Eashoo).
Training Keeshonden, as any Northern breed, can be a challenge. Unlike
other Northern breeds, however, the Keeshond is not nearly as stubborn
as it is clever. When training a Kees, it will usually attempt to
"make up" things as it goes along to make obedience more interesting.
While the dog is usually very pleased with its efforts, the owner can
be completely at wit's end. Training Keeshonden requires a sense of
humor first and foremost.