This article is from the Keeshonden Breed FAQ, by email@example.com (Kimberly J. Eashoo).
The Keeshond is a double coated breed. This coat consists of a woolly
undercoat and longer guard hairs. Twice a year, Keeshonden "blow"
their undercoats, that is, they shed their undercoats completely. It
is a very intense shedding period that can last up to three weeks from
start to finish.
The good news is that this only happens twice a year. The remainder of
the time , Keeshonden are relatively shed free (unlike smooth coated
breeds). The bad news is that the shedding period can be rather messy.
The hair comes out in large and small clumps. Lots of vacuuming and
brushing are in order. The Keeshond is a very clean and relatively
odor free dog. It tends to clean itself like a cat. Even when a
Keeshond becomes covered in mud, it will clean itself. Bathing needs
are minimal; thorough brushings and/or "dry baths" using a mixture of
cornstarch and baby powder often suffices. A full bath may not be
necessary more than once per year or when the dog is obviously dirty.
Whitening shampoos will bring out the "brightness" of the coat.
Other than during coat-blowing season, the Keeshond needs relatively
little grooming. Daily brushing is ideal, but two or three times a
week is sufficient; the brushing should be thorough to penetrate the
outer coat and remove any loose undercoat. A long pin brush, a slicker
brush and possibly a rake are essential grooming tools. Trimming needs
are minimal, and if done should be done so that it looks natural and
uncut. The body coat should never be clipped or trimmed except for
medical reasons. Their nails should be checked and clipped
NEVER clip a Keeshond for the summer. After the undercoat has been
"blown out," the outer coat provides insulation from the heat and
protection from the sun. Exposed skin will be very sensitive to the
sun, and will sunburn very easily; this can lead to skin cancer.
Regular grooming and constant access to cool water are particularly
important in the summer, especially in warmer climates.