This article is from the Afghan Hound Breed FAQ, by Janis Nixon with numerous contributions by others.
Afghans were bred by the peoples of Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern
India to course game across mountainous terrain. This regal hound is a
premier hunter of leopards; his historical prey, but they will bring
down or hold at bay just about anything that will run from them. They
were owned by royalty and tribesman alike and their main job was to
protect the villages, to put food in the dinner pot, or simply to
provide outdoors entertainment for nobility. As h unters, Afghan
Hounds were held in very high esteem. While the royal hounds were kept
kenneled, village dogs were semi-feral and were well acquainted with
fending for themselves.
Falcons were often flown with the dogs when coursing antelope. Dogs
were run in braces or alone on all prey, depending on the strength of
the individual dog. There are some eyewitness accounts of Afghans
running down leopards solo, seizing the cat by the neck above the
shoulders and biting through the spine for a kill.