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Fusion FAQ



Frequently Asked Questions about Fusion.

This FAQ about Fusion was compiled and written by Robert F. Heeter heeter1@llnl.gov with numerous contributions by others.

-01 What is fusion?
Fusion means many things when discussed on the newsgroup. ...
-02 How does fusion release energy?
If you add up the masses of the particles which go into a ...
-03 Where does fusion occur in nature?
The conditions needed to induce fusion reactions are extreme; ...
-04 Why doesn't fusion occur anywhere else in nature?
Current scientific knowledge indicates that very little ...
-05 What are the basic fusion reactions?
While it is possible to take any two nuclei and get them to fuse,...
-06 Could you tell me more about these different elements? (Fusion)
(Note: there's more information in the glossary too.)...
-07 Why is the deuterium-tritium (D-T) reaction the easiest? (Fusion)
Basically speaking, the extra neutrons on the D and T nuclei ...
-08 What is aneutronic fusion?
Some researchers feel the advantages of neutron-free ...
-09 What sort of fusion reactor is the sun?
Fortunately for life on earth, the sun is an aneutronic ...
-10 Why is it so hard to create controlled man-made fusion reactions?
In order to get two nuclei to fuse, you basically have to ...
-11 What is plasma physics, and how is it related to fusion?
Plasma physics is the area of physics which studies ionized ...
-12 Just how hot and confined do these plasmas need to be? (Fusion)
(Or, what conditions are needed for controlled fusion?)...
-13 What are the basic approaches used to heat and confine the plasma? (Fusion)
(Or, what is magnetic confinement? Inertial confinement?)...
-14 What would a fusion energy plant look like?
In the most basic picture, you need a fusion reactor to create ...
-15 What fuels can a fusion reactor burn?
The different fusion reactions were discussed in Section 1. It ...
-16 What are the different methods for converting fusion energy to useful energy?
Generally it is expected that fusion energy will be converted ...
-17 What would a D-T fusion reactor look like?
[[ The following paraphrases answers written by Arthur Carlson. ]]...
-18 How do you get the plasma hot enough for fusion to occur?
Much of the answer given below is taken from the PPPL World-Wide ...
-19 What are the materials requirements for fusion? Are any of these materials scarce?
First we need some definitions: ...
-20 How large would a fusion reactor be? Why?
Fusion reactors are generally expected to have ...
-21 What are fusion's major potential environmental advantages?
Fusion, like fission, creates no greenhouse gases, no smog,...
-22 But isn't fusion nuclear? What about radioactive waste?
Fusion *is* a nuclear technology, but there are ...
-23 What key technologies are needed to achieve these advantages? (Fusion)
*Any* working fusion reactor would have minimal ...
-24 What about renewable energy sources? Why do we need fusion at all?
(After all, renewables will be ready much sooner than fusion.)...
-25 Recent Results on TFTR: D-T Experiments (Fusion)
* (a) What was done?...
-26 Recent Results on JET (Fusion)
JET ran some experiments in 1991 using a 10% tritium mix, and ...
-27 Recent Results in Muon-Catalyzed Fusion (Fusion)
(Based on information provided by Steven Jones of BYU.)...
-28 Recent Political News (Fusion)
* (a) U.S. Magnetic Fusion News:...
-29 Appendix on TFTR and JET results (Fusion)
TFTR results vs JET results from 1991:...
-30 What opportunities are there for interested students? (Fusion)
* Undergraduate Opportunities: Academic-year ...
-31 I'm an undergraduate interested in becoming a "fusioneer". What should I study?
Basic Answer: ...
-32 What sorts of experiments are there for high-school students? How can I get the equipment? Has anyone else done this? (Fusion)
While there are few fusion experiments that would be ...
-33 What about those summer programs you mentioned above? (Fusion)
I am currently aware of two major plasma/fusion summer programs....
-34 When/where are the major fusion conferences?
** Major Annual Conferences:...
-35 Newsgroups (Fusion)
sci.physics.fusion (unmoderated)...
-36 WAIS (Wide-Area Information Server) Databases (Fusion)
[ Information on the sunsite.unc.edu WAIS database ...
-37 World-Wide Web (Fusion)
* Much of the public-domain fusion info is now available ...
-38 Gopher (Fusion)
* Garching (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics): ...
-39 Anonymous FTP Sites (Fusion)
sunsite.unc....
-40 LISTSERV ("FTP by email") (Fusion)
vm1.nodak.edu also works as a listserver:...
-41 Electronic Bulletins (Fusion)
* TFTR Updates - published occasionally by Rich Hawryluk,...
-42 Individuals Willing to Provide Additional Information (Fusion)
Many of the participants on sci.physics.fusion are conventional/...
-43 Recent articles in the popular literature (Fusion)
* Conn, et al, The International Thermonuclear ...
-44 General References and Histories (Fusion)
(suitable for those with minimal background in physics or fusion)....
-45 Fusion Research Review Articles & Texts
* Breunlich, W. H., and Kammel, P., Muon-Catalyzed Fusion,...
-46 Plasma Physics - General Texts
(focus is on the science of plasmas, rather than engineering of ...
-47 Plasma Physics - Device-Specific (Publications)
* Wesson, John. _Tokamaks_ [309 p.] Oxford Science Publications, ...
-48 Fusion Reactor Engineering References
* Kammash, Terry. _Fusion reactor physics: principles and ...
-49 List of Relevant Scientific Journals (Fusion)
(Anyone care to write short blurbs about some of these journals?)...
-50 Unclassified / Unsummarized works (Fusion)
(Please help me move ...
-51 Citations and Acknowledgements (fusion-faq)
****** Blanket Acknowledgement ******...









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