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CD-Recordable FAQ



Frequently Asked Questions about CD recorders, CD-R media, CD-RW, and CD premastering.

This FAQ about CD recorders, CD-R media, CD-RW, and CD premastering, was compiled and written by Andy McFadden (fadden@fadden.com) with numerous contributions by others.

Last-modified: 2006/05/30 Version: 2.65

Send corrections and updates to Andy McFadden (fadden@fadden.com). If you have a question you'd like to see answered in here, either post it to one of the comp.publish.cdrom newsgroups (if you don't have the answer), or send it to fadden@fadden.com (if you do).

If you're reading this on a web page and want to check out the newsgroups, check out the following with a news reader. If you don't have one, you can post news and search for past articles on http://groups.google.com/:

news:comp.publish.cdrom.hardware news:comp.publish.cdrom.software news:comp.publish.cdrom.multimedia news:alt.comp.periphs.cdr

Different HTML versions of this FAQ are available from: http://www.cdrfaq.org/ http://www.faqs.org/faqs/cdrom/cd-recordable/part1/preamble.html

Part I: Introduction

-0-1] Legal noise (disclaimers and copyrights)
-0-2] What does this FAQ cover (and not cover)?
-0-3] What's new since last time?
-0-4] Is the FAQ only available in English?
-0-5] Appropriate use of the newsgroups
-0-6] I'm having trouble, how do I ask for help?
-0-7] Spelling and name conventions
-0-8] Can I advertise on the FAQ pages?
-0-9] Can you mail the FAQ to me?

Part II: Simple answers to simple questions

-1] Simple answers to simple questions
-1-1] What's CD-R? CD-RW?
-1-2] Are they identical to normal CDs?
-1-3] Can I create new audio and data CDs?
-1-4] Can I use it to copy my CDs?
-1-5] How much can they hold?
-1-6] Can I just copy files onto a CD-R like I would to a floppy?
-1-7] What can you tell me about DVD, DVD-R, DVD-RAM, DVD-RW, etc?
-1-8] Can I copy DVDs with a CD recorder?
-1-9] What's the cheapest recorder and best place to buy media?
-1-10] Can I get step-by-step installation and use instructions?
-1-11] Can I download MP3s from the Internet and make an audio CD?
-1-12] What does this term mean? Is there a glossary?
-1-13] Do I need "music" blanks to record music?
-1-14] How do I learn more? Is there a good book for beginners?
-1-15] Why is this FAQ so far out of date?

Part III: CD Encoding

-2] CD Encoding
-2-1] How is the information physically stored?
-2-2] What is XA? CDPLUS? CD-i? MODE1 vs MODE2? Red/yellow/blue book?
-2-3] How do I know what format a disc is in?
-2-4] How does copy protection work?
-2-4-1] ...on a data CD-ROM?
-2-4-2] ...on an audio CD?
-2-4-3] ...on an audio CD (Macrovision - SafeAudio)
-2-4-4] ...on an audio CD (SunnComm - MediaCloQ and MediaMax CD3)
-2-4-5] ...on an audio CD (Midbar Tech - Cactus Data Shield)
-2-4-6] ...on an audio CD (Key2Audio / Sony DADC)
-2-4-7] ...on an audio CD (BayView Systems - Duolizer)
-2-4-8] ...on an audio CD (Sanyo)
-2-4-9] How does the Doc-Witness OpSecure CD-ROM work?
-2-4-10] What's the Sony BMG rootkit (First 4 Internet XCP)?
-2-5] What's a multisession disc?
-2-6] What are subcode channels?
-2-7] Are the CD Identifier fields widely used?
-2-8] How long does it take to burn a CD-R?
-2-9] What's the difference between disc-at-once and track-at-once?
-2-10] Differences between recording from an image and on-the-fly?
-2-11] How does an audio CD player know to skip data tracks?
-2-12] How does CD-RW compare to CD-R?
-2-13] Can DVD players read CD-Rs?
-2-14] Should I buy a DVD recorder instead?
-2-15] What are "jitter" and "jitter correction"?
-2-16] Where can I learn more about the history of CD and CD-R?
-2-17] Why don't audio CDs use error correction?
-2-18] How does CD-R compare to MiniDisc?
-2-19] What does finalizing (and closing and fixating) do?
-2-20] How are WAV/AIFF files converted into Red Book CD audio?
-2-21] What does MultiRead mean? MultiPlay?
-2-22] If recording fails, is the disc usable?
-2-23] Why do recorders insert "00" bytes at the start of audio tracks?
-2-24] How many tracks can I have? How many files?
-2-25] Will SCMS prevent me from making copies?
-2-26] Is a serial number placed on the disc by the recorder?
-2-27] What's a TOC? How does it differ from a directory?
-2-28] What's an ISO? A CIF? BIN and CUE? .DAT?
-2-29] Why was 74 minutes chosen as the standard length?
-2-30] Why is there a visibly unwritten strip near the CD-R hub?
-2-31] What is "BURN-Proof"? "JustLink"? "Waste-Proof"?
-2-32] Can playing CD-Rs in a DVD player hurt the discs?
-2-33] Who really made this CD-R blank?
-2-34] Can I make copies of DTS-encoded CDs?
-2-35] Why 44.1KHz? Why not 48KHz?
-2-36] What format are .CDA files in?
-2-37] What are DD-R and DD-RW?
-2-38] What's an ATIP?
-2-39] What are "ML" discs and devices?
-2-40] What's CD-MRW? Mount Rainier? EasyWrite?
-2-41] What's Audio Master Quality (AMQ) recording?
-2-42] Can I draw pictures on a disc with the recording laser?
-2-43] What are the gory details about how are 1s and 0s encoded?
-2-43-1] How does the laser read or write a disc?
-2-43-2] How do pits and lands turn into 1s and 0s? What's EFM?
-2-43-3] What's a frame? CIRC encoding? How does ECC work?
-2-43-4] What's in a sector?
-2-43-5] What's in a subcode channel?
-2-43-6] I want even more details
-2-44] Digital is better than analog, right?
-2-44-1] What is "digital" and "digitization", anyway?
-2-44-2] How does this relate to CD-DA?
-2-45] What's a CDR-ROM? CD-PROM?
-2-46] What's HD-BURN? GigaRec?
-2-47] What are C2 errors? What do they say about disc quality?
-2-48] What are CD+R and CD+RW?
-2-49] What's HighMAT?
-2-50] What's VariRec?
-2-51] Will my CDs work on players in other countries?
-2-52] Do CD-Rs have deeper pits? Are "shallow burns" bad?
-2-53] What's a stacking ring?

Part IV: How Do I...

-3] How Do I...
-3-1] How do I copy a CD-ROM?
-3-1-1] Why can't I just do a block copy like a floppy?
-3-2] How do I extract tracks from ("rip") or copy an audio CD?
-3-2-1] How do I remove the voice from a CD track, leaving just music?
-3-2-2] How do I encode a CD track to MP3?
-3-3] How do I get rid of hisses and clicks on audio CDs?
-3-4] How do I copy game console discs (e.g. Playstation, Dreamcast)
-3-5] How do I get long filenames onto a disc?
-3-5-1] ISO-9660
-3-5-2] Rock Ridge
-3-5-3] HFS/HFS+ and Macintosh extensions to ISO-9660
-3-5-4] Joliet
-3-5-5] Romeo
-3-5-6] ISO/IEC 13346 and ISO/IEC 13490
-3-5-7] ISO-9660:1999
-3-6] How do I use a CD-i disc on a PC?
-3-7] How can I extract disc and track titles from an audio CD?
-3-8] How do I write more than 80 minutes of audio or 700MB of data?
-3-8-1] How well do 80-minute CD-R blanks work?
-3-8-2] How well do 90-minute and 99-minute CD-R blanks work?
-3-8-3] How can I exceed the stated disc capacity ("overburning")?
-3-9] How do I put photographs onto CD-ROM?
-3-9-1] How do I create a PhotoCD?
-3-9-2] How can I set up a photo album on CD-ROM?
-3-9-3] How can I show digital photos on my DVD player?
-3-10] How do I make a CD that will work on a PC or a Mac?
-3-11] How do I access different sessions on a multi-session CD?
-3-12] How do I transfer my records or cassettes to a CD?
-3-12-1] ...with a stand-alone audio CD recorder?
-3-12-2] ...with a CD recorder attached to my computer?
-3-12-3] How can I clean up the audio before recording?
-3-13] How do I transfer an audio DAT tape to CD?
-3-14] How do I put audio and data on the same CD?
-3-15] How do I make a bootable CD-ROM?
-3-16] How do I convert home movies into video on CD?
-3-16-1] How do I create a VideoCD from AVI or MPEG files?
-3-16-2] How do I create an SVCD?
-3-16-3] How do I create an AVCD?
-3-17] How can I burn several copies of the same disc simultaneously?
-3-18] Can I make copies of copies?
-3-19] How can I compress or encrypt data on a CD-ROM?
-3-20] Can I do backups onto CD-R?
-3-21] How do I automatically launch something? Change the CD icon?
-3-21-1] How does Windows "autorun" work?
-3-21-2] How do I launch a document (like a web page)?
-3-21-3] What autorun software is available?
-3-22] How can I be sure the data was written correctly?
-3-23] How do I create, copy, or play Audio Karaoke/CD+G discs?
-3-24] How do I copy a CD-ROM with 3GB of data on it? A huge VideoCD?
-3-25] How do I get my CD-R pressed into a real CD?
-3-26] How do I make a CD without that two-second gap between tracks?
-3-27] How can I record RealAudio (.ra), MIDI, WMA, and MP3 on a CD?
-3-28] How do I add CD-Text information?
-3-29] Can I distribute a web site on a CD-ROM?
-3-30] How do I clean my CD recorder?
-3-31] Is it better to record at slower speeds?
-3-32] Where do I get drivers for my CD recorder?
-3-33] Can I copy discs without breaking the law?
-3-33-1] ...in the United States of America?
-3-33-2] ...in Canada?
-3-34] Can CD-Rs recorded at 2x be read faster than 2x?
-3-35] How do I make my CD-ROM work on the Mac, WinNT, and UNIX?
-3-36] How do I put "hidden tracks" and negative indices on audio CDs?
-3-37] Do I need to worry about viruses?
-3-38] How do I cover up a bad audio track on a CD-R?
-3-39] How do I duplicate this hard-to-copy game?
-3-40] Should I erase or format a disc? How?
-3-41] How do I equalize the volume for tracks from different sources?
-3-42] How do I make a bit-for-bit copy of a disc?
-3-43] How do I put punctuation or lower case in CD-ROM volume labels?
-3-44] How do I extract audio tracks from an "enhanced" CD on the Mac?
-3-45] How do I disable DirectCD for Windows?
-3-46] How do I specify the order of files (e.g. sorting) on ISO-9660?
-3-47] How do I put a password on a CD-ROM?
-3-48] Can I record an audio CD a few tracks at a time?
-3-49] How do I copy DVDs onto CD-R?
-3-49-1] I heard about software that copies DVDs with a CD recorder!
-3-50] How do I copy Mac, UNIX, or "hybrid" CD-ROMs from Windows?
-3-51] How do I copy something in "RAW" mode? What's DAO-96?
-3-52] How do I do cross-fades between audio tracks?
-3-53] How do I create a CD with my favorite songs on it?
-3-54] How do I record directly onto CD from a microphone?
-3-55] Is it okay to record a CD from MP3?
-3-56] How can I test a disc image before recording?
-3-57] How do I clear the "read-only" flag under Windows?
-3-58] How do I share a CD recorder across a network?
-3-59] How do I write a large file across multiple discs?
-3-60] What's the safest, most reliable way to write data to CD-R?

Part V: Problems

-4] Problems
-4-1] What does "buffer underrun" mean?
-4-1-1] What's the deal with Windows Auto-Insert Notification (AIN)?
-4-1-2] What's all this about Win9x VCACHE settings?
-4-2] I can't get long Win95 filenames to work right
-4-3] I can't read the multisession CD I just made
-4-4] Write process keeps failing N minutes in
-4-5] Why did my CD-R eject and re-load the disc between operations?
-4-6] My CD-ROM drive doesn't like any CD-R discs
-4-7] How do I avoid having a ";1" on my ISO-9660 discs?
-4-8] I keep getting SCSI timeout errors
-4-9] I'm having trouble writing a complete disc
-4-10] What's the CDD2000 Write Append Error / spring problem?
-4-11] Getting errors reading the first (data) track on mixed-mode CD
-4-12] My recorder ejects blank discs immediately
-4-13] I'm getting complaints about power calibration
-4-14] My Adaptec 2940 pauses after finding my recorder
-4-15] I can't see all the files on the CD-R
-4-16] My multi-session disc only has data from the last session
-4-17] I'm getting SCSI errors
-4-18] Why doesn't the copy of an audio CD sound the same?
-4-18-1] Why doesn't the audio data on the copy match the original?
-4-18-2] The audio data matches exactly, why do they sound different?
-4-19] Digital audio extraction of a track is shifted slightly
-4-20] I can't play extracted audio files by double-clicking in Win95
-4-21] I can't read an ISO-finalized packet-written disc
-4-22] I'm finding corrupted files on the CD-ROMs I write
-4-23] Having trouble playing an audio CD in a home or car player
-4-24] Having trouble using a CD-ROM on a different machine
-4-25] I can't copy a VideoCD
-4-26] The test write succeeds, but the actual write fails
-4-27] I can no longer erase a particular CD-RW disc
-4-28] Having trouble formatting discs with DirectCD
-4-29] I can't write CD-Rs after installing Windows 98
-4-30] I can't use the copy of a CD-ROM after installing Windows 98
-4-31] The disc I was writing with DirectCD is now unreadable
-4-32] I'm getting a message about 100 form transitions
-4-33] My system hangs when I insert a blank disc
-4-34] My CD-R discs don't work in my DVD player
-4-35] I need help recovering data from a CD-ROM
-4-36] What does "not convertible to CD quality" mean?
-4-37] I inserted a CD-ROM but Windows thinks it's an audio CD
-4-38] I get read errors when trying to copy a game
-4-39] Restarting or shutting Windows down after recording causes hang
-4-40] Why do CD-Rs play poorly when anti-skip protection is enabled?
-4-41] I'm having trouble recording under Windows 2000 or WinXP
-4-42] I formatted a CD-RW and only have about 530MB free
-4-43] My CD recording software keeps crashing
-4-44] Do I need to update my ASPI layer?
-4-45] The write process completes, but the disc is still blank
-4-46] My CD-RW drive doesn't work with my CD-RW blanks
-4-47] Audio discs have crackling sounds on the last few tracks
-4-48] Files in deep directories can be seen but not opened
-4-49] My CD-ROM drive stopped working after uninstalling software
-4-50] Audio CDs recorded from MP3s play back fast and high-pitched
-4-51] Windows says access denied, can't create or replace file
-4-52] I can't see any files on a CD-R or CD-RW from MS-DOS
-4-53] My OS doesn't support ISO-13346 "UDF"

Part VI: Hardware

-5] Hardware
-5-1] Which CD recorder should I buy?
-5-1-1] Yamaha
-5-1-2] Sony
-5-1-3] Smart & Friendly
-5-1-4] Philips
-5-1-5] Hewlett-Packard (HP)
-5-1-6] Plasmon
-5-1-7] Kodak
-5-1-8] JVC
-5-1-9] Pinnacle
-5-1-10] Ricoh
-5-1-11] Pioneer
-5-1-12] Olympus
-5-1-13] Optima
-5-1-14] Mitsumi
-5-1-15] DynaTek Automation Systems
-5-1-16] Microboards of America
-5-1-17] Micro Design International
-5-1-18] MicroNet Technology
-5-1-19] Procom Technology
-5-1-20] Grundig
-5-1-21] Plextor
-5-1-22] Panasonic (Matsushita)
-5-1-23] Teac
-5-1-24] Wearnes
-5-1-25] Turtle Beach
-5-1-26] Creative Labs
-5-1-27] Taiyo Yuden
-5-1-28] Memorex
-5-1-29] Hi-Val
-5-1-30] Dysan
-5-1-31] Traxdata
-5-1-32] BenQ (nee Acer)
-5-1-33] Waitec
-5-1-34] BTC
-5-1-35] Caravelle (Sanyo)
-5-1-36] Micro Solutions
-5-1-37] Pacific Digital
-5-1-38] Iomega
-5-1-39] Goldstar (LG Electronics)
-5-1-40] AOpen
-5-1-41] Toshiba
-5-1-42] TDK
-5-1-43] Lite-On
-5-1-44] CenDyne
-5-1-45] VST (SmartDisk)
-5-1-46] ASUS
-5-1-47] Samsung
-5-1-48] APS / LaCie
-5-2] How long do CD recorders last?
-5-3] What kind of PC is recommended?
-5-4] What kind of Mac is recommended?
-5-5] Which standard CD-ROM drives work well with CD-R?
-5-6] What kind of HD should I use with CD-R? Must it be AV-rated?
-5-7] What SCSI adapter should I use with a CD recorder?
-5-7-1] Adaptec - 1510/1522A/1540/1542CF
-5-7-2] Adaptec - 2840/2910/2920/2930/2940
-5-7-3] ASUS - SC-200/SC-875
-5-7-4] Tekram - DC-390U/DC-390F
-5-7-5] Adaptec - 1350/1460/1480
-5-8] Can I use a CD recorder as a general-purpose reader?
-5-9] To caddy or not to caddy?
-5-10] Can I burn CDs from a Jaz drive? Tape drive?
-5-11] What is "Running OPC"?
-5-12] What's the story with stand-alone audio CD recorders?
-5-13] What's firmware? How and why should I upgrade my recorder?
-5-14] How well do parallel-port, USB, and 1394 recorders work?
-5-15] How should I configure my system for an ATAPI CD recorder?
-5-15-1] Should I have DMA enabled for an ATAPI recorder in Windows?
-5-16] How important is CD-RW?
-5-17] What is an "MMC Compliant" recorder?
-5-18] What do I need to record on a UNIX (Linux, Solaris, etc) system?
-5-19] What do I need for recording CDs from a laptop?
-5-20] I need to make lots of copies
-5-21] How do I connect two drives to one sound card in a PC?
-5-22] How fast is 1x? What are CAV, CLV, PCAV, and ZCLV?
-5-23] Will playing CD-Rs damage my CD player?
-5-24] Can I "overclock" my CD recorder?
-5-25] I need some help installing the drive
-5-26] How much power does a CD recorder use?
-5-27] Will the laser in my drive wear out?

Part VII: Software

-6] Software
-6-1] Which software should I use?
-6-1-1] Adaptec - Easy-CD, Easy-CD Pro, and Easy-CD Pro MM ("ECD")
-6-1-2] Adaptec - CD-Creator ("CDC")
-6-1-3] Gear Software - GEAR Pro
-6-1-4] Roxio - Toast
-6-1-5] CeQuadrat - WinOnCD
-6-1-6] Young Minds, Inc. - CD Studio+
-6-1-7] Golden Hawk Technology (Jeff Arnold) - CDRWIN
-6-1-8] Optical Media International - QuickTOPiX CD
-6-1-9] Creative Digital Research - CDR Publisher
-6-1-10] mkisofs
-6-1-11] Asimware Innovations - MasterISO
-6-1-12] Newtech Infosystems, Inc. (NTI) - CD-Maker
-6-1-13] Cirrus Technology/Unite - CDMaker
-6-1-14] Hohner Midia - Red Roaster
-6-1-15] Dataware Technologies - CD Author
-6-1-16] CreamWare - Triple DAT
-6-1-17] MicroTech - MasterMaker
-6-1-18] Angela Schmidt & Patrick Ohly - MakeCD
-6-1-19] Liquid Audio Inc. - Liquid Player
-6-1-20] Jörg Schilling - cdrecord
-6-1-21] Prassi Software - CD Rep and CD Right
-6-1-22] Zittware - CDMaster32
-6-1-23] Dieter Baron and Armin Obersteiner - CD Tools
-6-1-24] PoINT - CDwrite
-6-1-25] PoINT - CDaudio Plus
-6-1-26] Roxio - Easy Media Creator (was Easy CD Creator Deluxe "ECDC")
-6-1-27] Padus - DiscJuggler
-6-1-28] Ahead Software - Nero
-6-1-29] CharisMac Engineering - Discribe
-6-1-30] István Dósa - DFY$VMSCD
-6-1-31] RSJ Software - RSJ CD Writer
-6-1-32] James Pearson - mkhybrid
-6-1-33] JVC - Personal Archiver Plus
-6-1-34] Roxio - Jam
-6-1-35] Pinnacle Systems - InstantCD/DVD (was VOB)
-6-1-36] Sony - CD Architect
-6-1-37] Eberhard Heuser-Hofmann - CDWRITE
-6-1-38] CeQuadrat - JustAudio!
-6-1-39] Digidesign - MasterList CD
-6-1-40] Thomas Niederreiter - X-CD-Roast
-6-1-41] Jesper Pedersen - BurnIT
-6-1-42] Jens Fangmeier - Feurio!
-6-1-43] Iomega - HotBurn
-6-1-44] DARTECH, Inc - DART CD-Recorder
-6-1-45] Interactive Information R&D - CDEveryWhere
-6-1-46] DnS Development - BurnIt
-6-1-47] Andreas Müller - CDRDAO
-6-1-48] Tracer Technologies - (various)
-6-1-49] SlySoft - CloneCD
-6-1-50] IgD - FireBurner
-6-1-51] Jodian Systems & Software - CDWRITE
-6-1-52] Erik Deppe - CD+G Creator
-6-1-53] Micro-Magic - CD Composer
-6-1-54] Earjam, Inc. - Earjam IMP
-6-1-55] Emagic - Waveburner
-6-1-56] Zy2000 - MP3 CD Maker
-6-1-57] Integral Research - Speedy-CD
-6-1-58] Desernet Broadband Media - Net-Burner and MP3-Burner
-6-1-59] Stomp, Inc. - Click 'N Burn
-6-1-60] Steinberg Media Technologies - Clean! plus
-6-1-61] Enreach - I-Author for VCD/SVCD
-6-1-62] VSO Software - Blindread/Blindwrite
-6-1-63] Microsoft - Windows XP
-6-1-64] An Chen Computers - CD Mate
-6-1-65] E-Soft - Alcohol
-6-1-66] Stomp Inc. - RecordNow MAX
-6-1-67] James Mieczkowski - Cheetah CD Burner
-6-1-68] Blaze Audio - RipEditBurn
-6-1-69] Acoustica, Inc. - MP3 CD Burner
-6-1-70] MagicISO, Inc. - MagicISO
-6-1-71] Simone Tasselli - Burn4Free
-6-1-72] Sonic Solutions - Record Now!
-6-1-73] Freeridecoding - BurnAgain
-6-1-74] PowerKaraoke - Power CD+G Burner, PowerKaraoke
-6-2] What other useful software is there?
-6-2-1] Optical Media International - Disc-to-Disk
-6-2-2] Gilles Vollant - WinImage
-6-2-3] Asimware Innovations - AsimCDFS
-6-2-4] Steven Grimm - WorkMan
-6-2-5] Cyberdyne Software - CD Worx
-6-2-6] Arrowkey - CD-R Diagnostic
-6-2-7] DC Software Design - CDRCue Cuesheet Editor
-6-2-8] Astarte - CD-Copy
-6-2-9] Frank Wolf - CDR Media Code Identifier
-6-2-10] Logiciels & Services Duhem - MacImage
-6-2-11] Erik Deppe - CD Speed 2000
-6-2-12] Andre Wiethoff - Exact Audio Copy (EAC)
-6-2-13] Earle F. Philhower, III - cdrLabel
-6-2-14] Adobe - Audition (formerly Cool Edit)
-6-2-15] Elwin Oost - Burn to the Brim
-6-2-16] Mike Looijmans - CDWave
-6-2-17] ECI - DriveEasy
-6-2-18] Jackie Franck - Audiograbber
-6-2-19] High Criteria - Total Recorder
-6-2-20] Smart Projects - IsoBuster
-6-2-21] GoldWave Inc. - GoldWave
-6-2-22] Naltech - CD Data Rescue
-6-2-23] Jufsoft - BadCopy Pro
-6-2-24] CDRoller Soft Co. - CDRoller
-6-2-25] FlexiMusic - Wave Editor
-6-2-26] Nic Wilson - DVD Info Pro
-6-2-27] Audacity
-6-3] What is packet writing (a/k/a DLA - Drive Letter Access)?
-6-3-1] What's UDF?
-6-3-2] Do I want to do packet writing?
-6-4] What packet writing software should I use?
-6-4-1] Roxio - Drag-to-Disc (a/k/a DirectCD)
-6-4-2] CeQuadrat - PacketCD
-6-4-3] SmartStorage - SmartCD for Recording
-6-4-4] Gutenberg Systems - FloppyCD
-6-4-5] Pinnacle Systems - InstantWrite (was VOB)
-6-4-6] Prassi - abCD
-6-4-7] Ahead - InCD
-6-4-8] Oak Technologies - SimpliCD ReWrite
-6-4-9] NewTech Infosystems, Inc. (NTI) - File CD
-6-4-10] Veritas - DLA (Drive Letter Access)
-6-4-11] BHA - B's CLiP
-6-5] Can I intermix different packet-writing programs?
-6-6] I want to write my own CD recording software
-6-6-1] PoINT - CDarchive SDK
-6-6-2] Golden Hawk Technology (Jeff Arnold)
-6-6-3] Gear Software - GEAR.wrks
-6-6-4] VOB - CD-Wizard SDK
-6-6-5] Dialog Medien - ACDwrite.OCX
-6-6-6] ECI - The Engine
-6-6-7] NUGROOVZ - CDWriterXP
-6-6-8] Ashampoo - DiscForge Plug & Burn
-6-6-9] NuMedia Soft - CDWriterPro
-6-6-10] Sonic Solutions - AuthorScript
-6-7] What software is available for doing backups?
-6-7-1] Adaptec - Easy-CD Backup
-6-7-2] D.J. Murdoch - DOSLFNBK
-6-7-3] Dantz - Retrospect
-6-7-4] Veritas - Backup Exec
-6-7-5] Symantec - Norton Ghost
-6-7-6] PowerQuest - Drive Image Special Edition for CD-R
-6-7-7] Centered Systems - Second Copy
-6-7-8] FileWare - FileSync
-6-7-9] Novastor - NovaDISK
-6-7-10] Roxio - Take Two
-6-7-11] NTI - Backup NOW!
-6-7-12] CeQuadrat - BackMeUp LT
-6-7-13] Duncan Amplification - disk2disk
-6-7-14] Pinnacle Systems - InstantBackup (was VOB)
-6-7-15] Microsoft - Backup
-6-7-15] Portlock Software - Storage Manager
-6-7-16] Willow Creek Software - Backup To CD-RW
-6-7-17] TeraByte Unlimited - Image for Windows
-6-8] How do I get customer support for bundled recording software?

Part VIII: Media

-7] Media
-7-1] What kinds of media are there?
-7-2] Does the media matter?
-7-3] Who manufactures CD-R media?
-7-4] Which kind of media should I use?
-7-4-1] What's the best brand of media?
-7-5] How long do CD-Rs and CD-RWs last?
-7-6] How much data can they hold? 650MB? 680MB?
-7-7] Is it okay to write on or stick a label on a disc?
-7-8] How do CD-Rs behave when microwaved?
-7-9] What can I do with CD-R discs that failed during writing?
-7-10] Where can I find jewel cases and CD sleeves?
-7-11] What's "unbranded" CD-R media?
-7-12] How do I repair a scratched CD?
-7-13] What's this about a Canadian CD-R tax?
-7-14] Can I get 80mm (3-inch "cd single") CD-Rs?
-7-15] Where can I find CD-ROM business cards and "shaped" CDs?
-7-16] Can you tell pressed CDs and silver CD-Rs apart?
-7-17] What's the difference between "data" and "music" blanks?
-7-18] How do I convert data CD-Rs into "consumer audio" blanks?
-7-19] Is translucent media bad?
-7-20] How do I destroy CD-R media beyond all hope of recovery?
-7-21] Can I recycle old CDs, CD-Rs, and CD-RWs?
-7-22] Is there really a fungus that eats CDs?
-7-23] How do I clean CD-R and CD-RW discs?
-7-24] Are "black" discs different from other discs?
-7-25] My disc just shattered in the CD drive!
-7-26] How do I tell which side on a silver/silver disc is up?
-7-27] How should I handle and store CDs?
-7-28] What causes the rainbow effect when looking at the data side?
-7-29] Can I print directly on a CD-R?

Part IX: Net Resources and Vendor Lists

-8] Net Resources and Vendor Lists
-8-1] Information resources
-8-2] Magazines and other publications
-8-3] Net.vendors
-8-3-1] Consumer software, hardware, and media
-8-3-2] Net.vendors (duplication services and hardware)
-8-4] News sources & mailing lists

Part X: Contributors

-9] Contributors









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