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comp.sys.apple2. gno FAQ



Contains information on the UNIX-like OS for the Apple IIgs

This is the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) posting of the comp.sys.apple2.gno newsgroup. This document can be freely copied so long as

1. it is not sold (although it may be included in commercial distributions of Apple II archives such as the Golden Orchard CD series); and

2. any sections reposted elsewhere from it are credited back to this FAQ with the FAQ's copyright info and official FTP and WWW location left in place.

Explicit permission is granted to carry this FAQ on electronic forums dealing with Apple II computers such as BBSs and service providers such as Genie and Delphi.

This FAQ is available via ftp and on the WWW at

ftp://ftp.gno.org/pub/apple2/gs.specific/gno/doc/faq/CURRENT http://www.gno.org/~gno/FAQ.html

A summary of recent updates may be found at

ftp://ftp.gno.org/pub/apple2/gs.specific/gno/doc/faq/LOG http://www.gno.org/~gno/FAQ-log.html

This FAQ may also be found in archives of comp.answers and news.answers, such as those at rtfm.mit.edu.

The question numbers in this FAQ are auto-generated. Therefore, when referring to questions in this FAQ, please either give the version number of the FAQ or (preferably) give some context that identifies to which question you refer.

The FAQ was originally maintained by C. Matthew Curtin, . It contains contributions (intentional or otherwise) from many users of GNO.

The FAQ is currently maintained by Devin Reade, . Questions, comments, suggestions, and submissions to this FAQ are welcome and should be emailed to Devin Reade or posted to comp.sys.apple2.gno.

Part I: General

-1.1: What is GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What is GNO?
-1.2: What is the status of GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What is the status of GNO?
-1.3: What is the current version of GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What is the current version of GNO?
-1.4: What are GNO's minimum system requirements?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What are GNO's minimum system requirements?
-1.5: Where can I get GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Where can I get GNO?
-1.6: What support is available for GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What support is available for GNO?
-1.7: Where can I get the files/archives recommended in this FAQ?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Where can I get the files/archives recommended in this FAQ?
-1.8: Why is this FAQ written in such a drab format?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Why is this FAQ written in such a drab format?

Part II: Compatibility

-2.1: With what standard version of UNIX is GNO compatible?
apple2 gno FAQ: : With what standard version of UNIX is GNO compatible?
-2.2: Can I run ORCA/Shell from GNO (or vice-versa)?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Can I run ORCA/Shell from GNO (or vice-versa)?
-2.3: Is GNO compatible with the SecondSight VGA card?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Is GNO compatible with the SecondSight VGA card?
-2.4: Are desktop applications compatible with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Are desktop applications compatible with GNO?
-2.5: Can I use prizm (the ORCA desktop environment) with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Can I use prizm (the ORCA desktop environment) with GNO?
-2.6: What new features are expected to be in the next version (2.0.6)?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What new features are expected to be in the next version (2.0.6)?

Part III: Documentation

-3.1: What documentation comes with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What documentation comes with GNO?
-3.2: What additional documentation is recommended for GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What additional documentation is recommended for GNO?
-3.3: What are all the numbers in parenthesis following program names?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What are all the numbers in parenthesis following program names?
-3.4: I've just finished writing a new program (or library or whatever).What documentation should I include?
apple2 gno FAQ: : I've just finished writing a new program (or library or whatever).What documentation should I include?
-3.5: I'm writing a manual page. What format should I use?
apple2 gno FAQ: : I'm writing a manual page. What format should I use?
-3.6: What should be in a manual page?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What should be in a manual page?
-3.7: Man(3) is too slow when formatting pages. Can I speed it up?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Man(3) is too slow when formatting pages. Can I speed it up?
-3.8: What are the standard manual page chapters?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What are the standard manual page chapters?

Part IV: Programs

-4.1: What other programs come with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What other programs come with GNO?
-4.2: Are there any ftp sites for GNO utilities?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Are there any ftp sites for GNO utilities?
-4.3: I cannot ftp to caltech or ground. How can I get the GNO utilities?
apple2 gno FAQ: : I cannot ftp to caltech or ground. How can I get the GNO utilities?
-4.4: What is the most recent version of program XXXXXX?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What is the most recent version of program XXXXXX?
-4.5: Which editor should I use?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Which editor should I use?
-4.6: What command line flags does gsh(1) accept?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What command line flags does gsh(1) accept?

Part V: System Installation

-5.1: For what are the various directories used?
apple2 gno FAQ: : For what are the various directories used?
-5.2: What should be in my gshrc file?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What should be in my gshrc file?
-5.3: Where should I install custom additions to GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Where should I install custom additions to GNO?

Part VI: Installing GNO with ORCA

-6.1: Do I need separate installations of ORCA/C for use with GNO and ORCA/Shell?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Do I need separate installations of ORCA/C for use with GNO and ORCA/Shell?
-6.2: How do I set up ORCA/C so that I can use it with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I set up ORCA/C so that I can use it with GNO?
-6.3: GNO with ORCA: What should I use for compilation directories andprefixes?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What should I use for compilation directories andprefixes?
-6.4: GNO with ORCA: Where should my C header files go?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: Where should my C header files go?
-6.5: GNO with ORCA: What goes in the 13/orcacdefs/defaults.h file?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What goes in the 13/orcacdefs/defaults.h file?
-6.6: GNO with ORCA: What header file modifications are necessary?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What header file modifications are necessary?
-6.7: GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.4 and ORCA/C v2.0.x?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.4 and ORCA/C v2.0.x?
-6.8: GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.4 and ORCA/C v2.1.x?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.4 and ORCA/C v2.1.x?
-6.9: GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.6 and ORCA/C v2.0.x?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.6 and ORCA/C v2.0.x?
-6.10: GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.6 and ORCA/C v2.1.x?
apple2 gno FAQ: : GNO with ORCA: What libraries are used for the combination ofGNO v2.0.6 and ORCA/C v2.1.x?

Part VII: System Configuration

-7.1: What patches should I have applied for GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What patches should I have applied for GNO?
-7.2: How do I change the information that's printed before the loginprompt?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I change the information that's printed before the loginprompt?
-7.3: How do I map /usr, /local, /var, and other partitions to GS/OSvolume or directory names?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I map /usr, /local, /var, and other partitions to GS/OSvolume or directory names?
-7.4: How do I set up cron?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I set up cron?
-7.5: Why won't my entry in the inittab file work correctly?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Why won't my entry in the inittab file work correctly?

Part VIII: Networking

-8.1: Does GNO provide TCP/IP and/or SLIP support?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Does GNO provide TCP/IP and/or SLIP support?
-8.2: Is GS/TCP available? Where can I get it?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Is GS/TCP available? Where can I get it?
-8.3: Does Marinetti work with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Does Marinetti work with GNO?
-8.4: What TCP/IP network utilities are available?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What TCP/IP network utilities are available?
-8.5: Is there a WWW browser for GNO and GS/TCP?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Is there a WWW browser for GNO and GS/TCP?
-8.6: Can I use a serial card or internal modem with GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Can I use a serial card or internal modem with GNO?
-8.7: What should I use for my modem port control panel settings.
apple2 gno FAQ: : What should I use for my modem port control panel settings.
-8.8: How can I initialize my serial ports at GNO "boot" time?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How can I initialize my serial ports at GNO
-8.9: How do I hook up a terminal to the IIgs' printer/modem port?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I hook up a terminal to the IIgs' printer/modem port?
-8.10: How do I enable GNO to activate dialup access.
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I enable GNO to activate dialup access.
-8.11: What do I use for a ProTERM termcap entry?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What do I use for a ProTERM termcap entry?
-8.12: Is there a mail/news package available for GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Is there a mail/news package available for GNO?
-8.13: How do I use copycat?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I use copycat?
-8.14: How do I use rz/sz?
apple2 gno FAQ: : How do I use rz/sz?
-8.15: Why do I get errors when trying to access the (modem/serial) port?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Why do I get errors when trying to access the (modem/serial) port?

Part IX: Porting UNIX Programs to the GNO Environment

-9.1: What programs/utilities should I have to port UNIX source code to GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What programs/utilities should I have to port UNIX source code to GNO?
-9.2: What are the common problems encountered when porting UNIX sourceto GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: : What are the common problems encountered when porting UNIX sourceto GNO?
-9.3: Are there any other recommendations for porting programs?
apple2 gno FAQ: : Are there any other recommendations for porting programs?

Part X: Compiling

-10.1: Which language should I use?
apple2 gno FAQ: 10.1: Which language should I use?
-10.2: Should I purchase the ORCA Subroutine Library Source?
apple2 gno FAQ: 10.2: Should I purchase the ORCA Subroutine Library Source?
-10.3: What is occ?
apple2 gno FAQ: 10.3: What is occ?
-10.4: What is dmake?
apple2 gno FAQ: 10.4: What is dmake?
-10.5: What macros should I be using for conditional compilation?
apple2 gno FAQ: 10.5: What macros should I be using for conditional compilation?
-10.6: When I'm using the new header files (post-v2.0.4), sometimes ORCA/Ccan't find my header files. Why?
apple2 gno FAQ: 10.6: When I'm using the new header files (post-v2.0.4), sometimes ORCA/Ccan't find my header files. Why?

Part XI: Libraries and Header Files

-11.1: I keep getting "va_end" as an unresolved symbol when linking. Why?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.1: I keep getting
-11.2: Why do I keep getting "getc" and "putc" as unresolved symbolswhen linking?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.2: Why do I keep getting
-11.3: How can I tell what order my libraries are in?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.3: How can I tell what order my libraries are in?
-11.4: How can I sort my libraries (or other files)?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.4: How can I sort my libraries (or other files)?
-11.5: How can I tell what is in library XXXX?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.5: How can I tell what is in library XXXX?
-11.6: Why isn't the common function XXXX in the libraries?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.6: Why isn't the common function XXXX in the libraries?
-11.7: Function XXXX is declared in the GNO header files, but it's not inthe libraries. Why?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.7: Function XXXX is declared in the GNO header files, but it's not inthe libraries. Why?
-11.8: I want to release my library to the GNO community. Is there anythingin particular that I should do?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.8: I want to release my library to the GNO community. Is there anythingin particular that I should do?
-11.9: How do I get the file descriptor from a stdio FILE pointer?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.9: How do I get the file descriptor from a stdio FILE pointer?
-11.10: My (ported) source requires . Why isn't it there?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.10: My (ported) source requires . Why isn't it there?
-11.11: Why, when I '#include ' (or some other file), does thecompiler take it out of my current directory instead of out ofthe system header directories?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.11: Why, when I '#include ' (or some other file), does thecompiler take it out of my current directory instead of out ofthe system header directories?
-11.12: When using the December 1997 libraries (or later version), why aremy programs larger than they used to be?
apple2 gno FAQ: 11.12: When using the December 1997 libraries (or later version), why aremy programs larger than they used to be?

Part XII: Kernel Internals

-12.1: Can task-switching occur during an interrupt?
apple2 gno FAQ: 12.1: Can task-switching occur during an interrupt?
-12.2: Can I tell GNO/ME to not task switch during a short (like a coupleof ASM instructions) sequence?
apple2 gno FAQ: 12.2: Can I tell GNO/ME to not task switch during a short (like a coupleof ASM instructions) sequence?

Part XIII: Debugging (During Program Development)

-13.1: What debuggers are available for GNO?
apple2 gno FAQ: 13.1: What debuggers are available for GNO?
-13.2: Why is the Splat! debugger crashing when my code calls fork(2)?
apple2 gno FAQ: 13.2: Why is the Splat! debugger crashing when my code calls fork(2)?
-13.3: Part way through my debugging session, Splat! no longer shows mysource file. Why?
apple2 gno FAQ: 13.3: Part way through my debugging session, Splat! no longer shows mysource file. Why?

Part XIV: General Problems

-14.1: Some programs I run have two cursors and sometimes characters I type don't get sent to the program. When I quit the program, the characters show up on the command line! What's wrong?
apple2 gno FAQ: 14.1: Some programs I run have two cursors and sometimes characters I type don't get sent to the program. When I quit the program, the characters show up on the command line! What's wrong?
-14.2: Whenever I try to launch the Finder from GNO, I am told that the Finder needs more memory. I know there is enough memory available. What's the deal?
apple2 gno FAQ: 14.2: Whenever I try to launch the Finder from GNO, I am told that the Finder needs more memory. I know there is enough memory available. What's the deal?
-14.3: My program is crashing when calling open(2). Why?
apple2 gno FAQ: 14.3: My program is crashing when calling open(2). Why?
-14.4: What are the known bugs?
apple2 gno FAQ: 14.4: What are the known bugs?









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