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Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer FAQ



Frequently Asked Questions about Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer.

This FAQ about Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer was compiled and written by John Moulder jmoulder@its.mcw.edu and the Medical College of Wisconsin with numerous contributions by others.

-1) Does anyone think that static magnetic fields cause cancer?
While most public concern about electromagnetic (EM) fields and cancer ...
-2) When evaluating whether there might be a connection between EM fields and cancer, can all EM fields be considered the same?
No. The nature of the interaction of an EM source with biological ...
-3) When evaluating whether there might be a connection between static EM fields and cancer, do we have to consider EM radiation as well as EM fields?
No. Static EM sources do not produce radiation....
-4) When evaluating whether there might be a connection between static EM fields and cancer, do we have to consider the electric as well as the magnetic component of the field?
No. Only the magnetic field component is relevant to possible health ...
-5) What units are used to measure static magnetic fields?
Static magnetic fields are generally measured in Tesla (T), milliTesla ...
-6) What sort of static magnetic fields are common in residences?
Residential and environmental exposure to static magnetic fields is ...
-7) What sort of static magnetic fields are common in workplaces?
Persons with occupational exposures to static fields include operators ...
-8) What is known about the relationship between occupational exposure to static magnetic fields and cancer?
There have been relatively few studies of cancer incidence in workers ...
-9) How do scientists determine whether an environmental agent, such as a static EM field causes or contributes to the development of cancer?
There are certain widely accepted criteria [11,63,64], often called the ...
-10) How does the epidemiological evidence relevant to a connection between static fields and cancer stand up to the Hill criteria?
Application of the Hill criteria shows that the current epidemiological ...
-11) How could laboratory studies be used to help evaluate the possible relationship between static magnetic fields and cancer?
When epidemiological evidence for a causal relationship is weak to non-...
-12) Are static magnetic fields genotoxic?
A broad range of whole organism and cellular genotoxicity studies of ...
-13) Do static magnetic fields enhance the effects of other genotoxic agents?
In general, static magnetic fields do not appear to have this type of ...
-14) Do laboratory studies indicate that static magnetic fields have any biological effects that might be relevant to cancer?
No. Laboratory studies of the effects of static magnetic fields show ...
-15) Do static magnetic fields show any reproducible biological effects in laboratory studies?
Yes. While the laboratory evidence does not suggest a link between ...
-16) Do static magnetic fields of the intensity encountered in occupational settings show reproducible biological effects?
Yes. A few biological effects have been reported in laboratory systems ...
-17) Are there known mechanisms that would explain how static magnetic fields of the intensity encountered in occupational settings could cause biological effects?
There are known biological mechanisms through which strong (greater than ...
-18) How does the sum of the laboratory and epidemiological evidence relevant to a connection between static magnetic fields and cancer stand up to the Hill criteria?
Application of the Hill criteria [Q9] shows that the evidence for a ...
-19) Have any independent bodies reviewed the research on static electric and magnetic fields and possible human health effects?
Yes. There have recently been a number of such reviews of the ...
-20) Do exposure standards for static electric and magnetic fields exist?
Yes. A number of governmental and professional organizations have ...
-21) What is the basis for the safety standards set by Lawrence Livermore, WHO, ACGIH, NRPB, and ICNIRP? (Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer)
The standards are based on several considerations. One objective is to ...
-22) Do static fields affect cardiac pacemakers?
Effects on cardiac pacemakers have been reported for fields as low as ...
-99) Part1 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography
1) CI Kowalczuk, ZJ Sienkiewicz & RD Saunders: Biological Effects of ...
-99) Part2 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography
11) AB Hill: The environment and disease: Association or causation? ...
-99) Part3 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography
21) VV Shevchenko et al: [On the problem of induction of chromosome ...
-99) Part4 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography
31) S Rockwell: Influence of a 1400-gauss magnetic fields on the ...
-99) Part5 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography
41) M Osbakken, J Griffith & P Taczanowsky: A gross morphologic, ...
-99) Part6 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography
51) E Kanal, FG Shellock & L Talagala: Safety considerations in MR ...
-99) Part7 Static Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer Bibliography









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