This article is from the Food Preserving FAQ, by Eric Decker email@example.com with numerous contributions by others.
This is a generalized list of food poisoning symptoms pulled from the Bad
Bug Book on the FDA site: http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~mov/app2.html.
[If you are actually in the throes of food poisoning, do not use this as a
substitute for a doctor's diagnosis and care. I merely list this as a
subject useful to food preserver--LEB.
Associated Onset time Predominant organism to symptoms symptoms or toxin __________________________________________________________________________ Upper gastrointestinal tract symptoms (nausea, vomiting) occur first or predominate: Less than 1 h Nausea, vomiting, unusual Metallic salts taste burning of mouth. 1-2 h Nausea, vomiting, cyanosis, Nitrites headache, dizziness, dyspnea, trembling, weakness, loss of consciousness. 1-6 h, mean Nausea, vomiting, retching, Staphylococcus aureus 2-4 h diarrhea, abdominal pain, and its enterotoxins prostration. 8-16 h Vomiting, abdominal cramps, Bacillus cereus (2-4 h emesis diarrhea, nausea. possible) 6-24 h Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, Amanita species thirst, dilation of pupils, mushrooms collapse, coma.
12-72 h Sore throat, fever, nausea, Streptococcus pyogenes vomiting, rhinorrhea, sometimes a rash. 2-5 days Inflamed throat and nose, Corynebacterium spreading grayish exudate, diphtheriae fever, chills, sore throat, malaise, difficulty in swallowing, edema of cervical lymph node.
2-36 h, mean Abdominal cramps, diarrhea, Clostridium perfringens, 6-12 h putrefactive diarrhea Bacillus cereus, associated with C. perfringens, Streptococcus faecalis, sometimes nausea and vomiting. S. faecium 12-74 h, mean Abdominal cramps, diarrhea, Salmonella species 18-36 h vomiting, fever, chills, (including S. arizonae), malaise, nausea, headache, Shigella, enteropatho- possible. Sometimes bloody genic Escherichia coli, or mucoid diarrhea, cutaneous other Enterobacteriacae, lesions associated with V. Vibrio parahaemolyticus, vulnificus. Yersinia Yersinia enterocoliticia, enterocoliticia mimics Pseudomonas aeruginosa flu and acute appendicitis. (?),Aeromonas hydrophila, Plesiomonas shigelloides, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibriocholerae (Ol and non-Ol) V.vulnificus, V. fluvialis 3-5 days Diarrhea, fever, vomiting Enteric viruses abdominal pain, respiratory symptoms. 1-6 weeks Mucoid diarrhea (fatty stools) Giardia lamblia abdominal pain, weight loss. 1 to several Abdominal pain, diarrhea, Entamoeba histolytica weeks, constipation, headache, drowsiness, ulcers, variable -- often asymptomatic. 3-6 months Nervousness, insomnia, hunger Taenia saginata, pains, anorexia, weight loss, T. solium abdominal pain, sometimes gastroenteritis.
Less than l h *** SEE GASTROINTESTINAL AND/OR Shellfish toxin NEUROLOGIC SYMPTOMS (Shellfish Toxins) (this Appendix) Gastroenteritis, nervousness, Organic phosphate blurred vision, chest pain, cyanosis, twitching, convulsions. Excessive salivation, perspir- Muscaria-type ation, gastroenteritis, mushrooms irregular pulse, pupils constricted, asthmatic breathing. Tingling and numbness, Tetradon (tetrodotoxin) dizziness, pallor, gastro- toxins hemmorrhage, and desquamation of skin, fixed eyes, loss of reflexes, twitching, paralysis. 1-6 h Tingling and numbness, gastro- Ciguatera toxin enteritis, dizziness, dry mouth, muscular aches, dilated pupils, blurred vision, paralysis. Nausea, vomiting, tingling, Chlorinated hydrocarbons dizziness, weakness, anorexia, weight loss, confusion. 2 h to 6 days, Vertigo, double or blurred Clostridium botulinum usually vision, loss of reflex to and its neurotoxins 12-36 h light, difficulty in swallowing. speaking, and breathing, dry mouth, weakness, respiratory paralysis. More than 72 h Numbness, weakness of legs, Organic mercury spastic paralysis, impairment of vision, blindness, coma. Gastroenteritis, leg pain, Triorthocresyl ungainly high-stepping gait, phosphate foot and wrist drop.
Less than 1 h Headache, dizziness, nausea, Histamine (scombroid) vomiting, peppery taste, burning of throat, facial swelling and flushing, stomach pain, itching of skin. Numbness around mouth, tingling Monosodium glutamate sensation, flushing, dizziness, headache, nausea. Flushing, sensation of warmth, Nicotinic acid itching, abdominal pain, puffing of face and knees.
4-28 days, mean Gastroenteritis, fever, edema Trichinella spiralis 9 days about eyes, perspiration, muscular pain, chills, prostration, labored breathing. 7-28 days, mean Malaise, headache, fever, cough, Salmonella typhi 14 days nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, chills, rose spots, bloody stools. 10-13 days Fever, headache, myalgia, rash. Toxoplasma gondii 0-50 days, Fever, malaise, lassitude, Etiological agent not mean 25-30 anorexia, nausea, abdominal yet isolated -- probably days pain, jaundice. viral Varying periods Fever, chills, head- or joint Bacillus anthracis, (depends on ache, prostration, malaise, Brucella melitensis, B. specific swollen lymph nodes, and other abortus, B. suis, Coxi- illness) specific symptoms of disease ella burnetii, Franci- in question. sella tularensis, Listeria monocytogenes, Mycobacterium tubercu- losis, Mycobacterium species, Pasteurella multocida, Strepto- bacillus moniliformis, Campylobacter jejuni, Leptospira species.
0.5 to 2 h Tingling, burning, numbness, Paralytic Shellfish drowsiness, incoherent speech, Poisoning (PSP) respiratory paralysis. (saxitoxins) 2 - 5 min to Reversal of hot and cold Neurotoxic Shellfish 3 - 4 h sensation, tingling; numbness Poisoning (NSP) of lips, tongue & throat; muscle (brevetoxins) aches, dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting. 30 min to Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, Diarrheic Shellfish 2 - 3 h abdominal pain, chills, fever Poisoning (DSP) (dinophysis toxin, okadaic acid, pecteno- toxin, yessotoxin) 24 h (gastroin- Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal Amnesic Shellfish testinal) to pain, confusion, memory loss, Poisoning (ASP) 48 h disorientation, seizure, coma (domoic acid) (neurologic)