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Food Science FAQ



Answers to legal, science, health, and industry questions concerning food science. Also has a list of abbreviations of significance to food science. Persons wishing to post to sci.bio.food-science are advised to read this FAQ first.

On behalf of Rachel Zemser and J. Ralph Blanchfield, I welcome you to sci.bio.food-science.

You are all encouraged to contact one of us if you have suggestions additions, or other 'major' questions we haven't thought of. Our names and email addresses are:

Rachel Zemser, creator of the newsgroup sci.bio.food-science RZemser@aol.com

J. Ralph Blanchfield, Food Science, Food Technology & Food Law Consultant, Chair, IFST Member Relations & Services Committee and Web Editor, IFST Web on the WWW jralphb@easynet.co.uk

Paul King, Creator and Maintainer of the List of Common Abbreviations pking123@sympatico.ca

For a glossary of scientific, marketing, industry, technical and legal terms of relevance to food science, see FAQ 2 of 3. For a list of common questions and answers about food and food science, see FAQ 3 of 3.

-1. General Guidelines For Posting In sci.bio.food-science
The goals of this newsgroup are:...
-2. A List Of Food Science Related Web Sites
The following is a list of food science related web sites. ...
-1. Academic Food Sites
There are many food science/edu web pages. This list does ...
-2. General Web Sites Relating To Food Science And Technology
ACCESSING THIS FAQ THRU THE WEB VIA DEJANEWS.COM ...
-3. Food Companies
Campbell Soup Company: ...
-4. Food Science And Technology Related Mailing Lists-
BEEF-L: A mailing list and discussion group for beef ...
-5. Recommended Food Science And Related Texts
The purpose of this section is to provide information on recommended ...
-6. Book Publishers' Web Sites
Aspen Publishers ...
-3. A List Of Common Abbreviations
It is not expected that you know and use all of the ...
-4. Definitions And Interpretations Of Food Related Terms
In the following list of definitions of food-related words ...
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions A-C
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions D-E
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions F-F
Fast
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions G-G
Genetic
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions H-H
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions I-M
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions N-N
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions O-P
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions Q-R
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions S-T
-4. Food Related Terms Definitions U-Z
-4. Marketing Terms
When used in the labelling, advertising or description of a food,...
-5. Frequently Asked Questions About Food Science And Technology
Here are brief answers, compiled by the Institute of ...
-5. Key Definitions
Food science --...
-6. FAQ Groupings
In the interests of user-friendliness the FAQ is written ...
-1. What is good/bad food?
In keeping with their Code of Professional Conduct, ...
-2. What is a good diet?
A good diet is a balanced one; lots of different foods and ...
-3. Do I need to worry about getting enough protein?
You will automatically get enough protein to stay healthy if ...
-4. Is sugar harmful?
Not in itself. However, if you eat a lot of sugar in the form ...
-5. Isn't honey healthier than sugar?
Not really. Honey is largely a strong solution of sugars ...
-6. Why is sugar used in foods?
Sugar is used in some foods to make them sweet, in others ...
-7. Is salt harmful?
Salt is essential to a healthy diet. We need about 1 g of salt ...
-8. Why is salt used in foods?
There is enough salt naturally present in food to satisfy ...
-9. Are fats harmful?
As with everything else, but more importantly with fats, ...
-10. What about different types of fat?
Fats in foods, or, more correctly, their fatty acids, are ...
-11. Should we cut out all fats?
No, because some fatty acids are essential, and we need ...
-12. What is a hydrogenated vegetable oil?
Vegetable oils, as the name implies, are liquid at ...
-13. What are trans fatty acids?
Unsaturated fatty acids in foods can exist in ...
-14. Is margarine better for us than butter?
There is no simple answer. Butter contains more saturated ...
-15. Aren't natural foods better for us than processed foods?
Nearly everything we eat comes originally from a natural source,...
-16. Why are foods processed?
To make them palatable, edible, convenient and with ...
-17. Is a vegetarian diet better for us?
Not necessarily. Current nutritional advice, to eat less fat,...
-18. Isn't it more expensive to eat a 'prudent' diet?
Eating more fruit and vegetables and less fat does at ...
-19. Do we need more vitamins and minerals?
A balanced and varied diet -- not too much of anything -- ...
-20. Do organic foods taste better?
Some people who favour organic foods for other reasons ...
-21. What foods are good for arthritis?
No individual foods will positively help disorders of this kind,...
-22. Is ginseng/royal jelly/pollen/lecithin/kelp good for me?
No convincing scientific evidence has so far been forthcoming ...
-23. What are 'junk foods'?
This term has no specific meaning. It is an invented label ...
-1. What is food poisoning?
Food poisoning is illness caused by any harmful amount of ...
-2. Why has food poisoning increased so much?
Food scientists and technologists in industry take great care ...
-3. Why all the fuss about food hygiene?
It is a fact of life that food is threatened by ...
-4. Aren't we losing natural immunity by producing foods with no pathogens present?
That fear is groundless. The opposite view, that all food ...
-5. How can food poisoning be prevented?
There is no single answer. It needs a combination of ...
-6. What about irradiation of food?
Irradiation is a comparatively new method, one method among many,...
-7. Isn't genetic modification a dangerous interference with nature?
Genetic modification has been used for countless years ...
-8. Doesn't gene transfer from one species to another create the risk of ethical problems or even cannibalism?
The officially appointed UK Committee on the Ethics of ...
-9. Shouldn't all genetically modified foods, or those containing genetically modified ingredients, be labelled as such, to warn consumers?
There are two distinct kinds of genetic modification. The ...
-10. With regard to BSE, is British beef safe to eat?
BSE is an extremely serious disease of cattle, the ...
-1. Why are food additives used?
Many foods depend on additives for safety, stability ...
-2. But aren't additives dangerous?
All additives in the UK and Europe are controlled by law, ...
-3. Food colours are only cosmetic -- shouldn't they be banned?
Part of the enjoyment and appeal of food is its appearance,...
-4. Why are foods packaged?
Foods are packaged to protect them and keep them in ...
-5. What function does packaging perform?
The primary packaging of the food contains it; preserves it ...
-6. Do we really need the protection that packaging is said to provide?
Yes. Food safety absolutely requires it. Moreover, a ...
-7. Is packaging wasteful of materials and energy?
Of course the production of anything, including ...
-8. Can packaging and energy usage be reduced without compromising the protection it gives to the food?
Here are four ...
-9. Why are there so many different types of packaging materials?
Most food products can be packed in a variety of ...
-10. Why are some packages difficult to open?
the design of a package is inevitably a compromise between, ...
-11. What about recycling of packaging?
The '3 R's' of current environmental packaging law and ...
-12. What about returnable, refillable systems?
There are several requirements for a re-fillable system to work....
-13. Why does packaging contribute so much to household waste?
It is only when the package is emptied and needs to be ...
-14. Do packaging materials affect the food in them?
The packaging material has both to preserve the food and ...
-1. What is food science? What is food technology?
*Note. The answers given are the same as the KEY ...
-2. Wouldn't our food be even better without scientists and technologists interfering with it?
No. It is the scientists and technologists, working ...
-3. Why do scientific experts often disagree?
Personal opinions vary in every walk of life, but ...
-4. Doesn't hindsight show that the experts always "got it wrong"?
No. Hindsight shows that the experts nearly always got ...









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