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09 Was "Dracula" the first fictional vampire story to be written?




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This article is from the Vampire Literature FAQ, by BJ Kuehl bj@alpha1.csd.uwm.edu with numerous contributions by others.

09 Was "Dracula" the first fictional vampire story to be written?

Vampires were popular in fictional literature even before "Dracula".
Here's a smattering of some of the books and short stories written
about vampires pre-Dracula:

1748 "The Vampire" Ossenfelder (verse)
1797 "The Bride of Corinth" by Goethe (verse)
1798 "The Old Woman of Berkeley" by Robert Southey (verse)
1810 "The Vampyre" by John Stagg (poem originally published in Stagg's
"Minstrel of the North")
@1815 "The Bride of the Grave" by Johann Ludwig Tieck
1816 "A Fragment" aka "The Burial" by Lord Byron
1816 "The Vampire" by John Stagg (poem)
1819 "The Vampyre" by John Polidori
1819 "Lord Ruthven ou les Vampires" by Berard (said to be the first
vampire novel)
1820 "Wake Not the Dead" attributed to Johann Ludwig Tieck (may be by
Ernst Raupach)
@1820 "Lamia" by John Keats (verse)
@1820 "La Belle Dame sans Merci" by John Keats (verse)
@1820 "The Giaour" by Lord Byron (verse)
1828 "The Skeleton Count, or the Vampire Mistress" by Elizabeth Grey
1830 "The Dead Lover" by Theophile Gautier
1835 "Viy" by Nikolai Gogol
1845 "Varney the Vampyre, or, the Feast of Blood" by James Malcolm
Rymer
1800s "A Visit to the Theatre" by Alexandre Dumas
1849 "The Pale Lady" by Alexandre Dumas & Paul Bocage
1860 "The Mysterious Stranger", anonymous
1860 "The Cold Embrace" by Mary Elizabeth Braddon
@1860 "Carpathian Castle" by Jules Verne
1867 "The Last Lords of Gardonal" by William Gilbert
1872 "Carmilla" by J. Sheridan Le Fanu
1880 "The Fate of Madame Cabanel" by Eliza Lynn Linton
1881 "The Man-Eating Tree" by Phil Robinson
1884 "The Family of the Vourdalak" by Alexis Tolstoy
1887 "Ken's Mystery" aka "The Grave of Ethelind Fionguala"
by Julian Hawthorne
1887 "The Horla" by Guy de Maupassant
1887 "A Mystery of the Campagna" by Anne Crawford
1890 "The Tomb of Sarah" by Frederick George Loring
1890 "Let Loose" by Mary Cholmondeley
1893 "Vikram the Vampire" ed/Richard Burton
1894 "The Parasite" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
1896 "Good Lady Ducayne" by Mary Elizabeth Braddon

 

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